In captivity, hawks live an average of 30 years due to good nutrition and lack of environmental dangers. Hawks in the wild can life to reach their 20s, but a majority die within the first year.
Hawks tend to die in the first year because of their lack of experience in the wild. The environmental danger that hawks encounter include starvation, being hunted by humans, flying into power lines and being hit by a car. The average hawk lives to be about 12 years old. Hawks use their talons to defend their territory and young, but hawks are not known to be aggressive when unprovoked.