Dwarf rabbits live between five and 15 years. Neutered rabbits live longer because the procedure can help to prevent some genetic diseases. The best diet for dwarf rabbits is fresh hay, rabbit pellets and fresh greens.
Hay should be part of the diet at all times, because it is essential for the digestive system. There are over 50 different breeds of domestic rabbits worldwide, but the Netherland dwarf rabbit is the smallest, weighing a maximum of 3 1/2 pounds. Due to genetic dwarfism, the dwarf rabbit's eyes and head are disproportional to its body. Dwarf rabbits can be trained to use a litter-box.