Lizards are distributed throughout the world, and as the San Diego Zoo notes, most of them live on the ground. Other common lizard dwelling places are underground burrows (especially in deserts), under rocks, marshy bogs and in trees.Continue Reading
Lizards are cold-blooded animals, meaning they do not have a high enough metabolism to regulate their own body temperatures. This means that globally distribution is higher in the tropics, sparser in temperate regions and entirely nonexistent at the poles. Lizards rely on the ambient temperature of the regions they inhabit to provide them with sufficient energy to remain active. Snowy mountain peaks, icebergs and even temperate regions in the winter are all exceedingly inhospitable places for lizards to live.
On the other hand, deserts, which are primarily inhospitable to most forms of life, provide lizards with all the heat they could ever need. The desert monitor lizard's range includes the Sahara, and the only two venomous lizards, the Gila and the horned toad, both make the deserts of the southwest United States their homes.
Of the familiar lizard families, marine iguanas are great swimmers. Chameleons are all tree dwellers, along with anoles and skinks. The enormous monitor lizards are a ground-dwelling group.Learn more about Lizards
Horned lizards protect themselves in many ways, including breaking the blood vessels in their eyes and shooting blood up to 4 feet in the air to distract predators, according to the Missouri Department of Conservation. They also eject small amounts of blood from the inner corners of their eyes to confuse predators.Full Answer >
The best way to get rid of lizards in a yard is to change the habitat so that it is not hospitable for the small reptiles. Changing the habitat may take some time to have the desired effect, so if it is legal to do so, better and quicker results may be achieved by catching the lizards and relocating them.Full Answer >
Lizards are eaten by birds, mammals, snakes and other lizards. Baby lizards are especially vulnerable to predators of all kinds because they receive no maternal protection. Lizard eggs are eaten by skunks, badgers and snakes.Full Answer >
An interesting and kid-friendly fact about Gila monsters is that they are one of only a small number of poisonous lizards. Gila monsters are the largest native lizard in the United States, measuring up to 22 inches in length.Full Answer >