Market reports, similar to those provided by the USDA, are used for the buying and selling of cattle. The market report offers information on four classes of cull cattle, which are primarily divided by the amount of fat per animal.
The majority of people understand that the price of cattle is determined by weight for both heifers and steers. Typically, these prices are quoted on dollars per hundred pounds of weight basis, according to Ucanr.edu. The abbreviation used for pounds of weight is cwt. There are many terms used in describing cull cattle that not everyone understands. These terms include Breakers, Leans, Boners, Lights, Cutter and Canner. In some cases cull cattle are pregnant and special terms apply.
The highest quality cull cattle are the ones referred to as breakers. These cattle are quite fleshy and in general have an excellent dressing percentage. Cattle with body scores of seven or higher are required to be placed in this category. The following most common class of cattle are referred to as Boners or Boning Utility. In most cases, these cows have a body condition score between five and seven. The final two grades are the Lights and the Leans. These cattle are very thin with a body score between one and four.