Lions are native to southern and sub-Saharan east Africa and small parts of India. At one time, lions roamed other parts of Asia and Europe, and they are now on the IUCN Red List because they are vulnerable to extinction.
In addition to modern-day lion species, lion ancestors lived worldwide in prehistoric times.
Lions are social animals that live in prides of up to 30 lions. Typically, a pride is made up of three males, approximately 12 females and numerous cubs.
The roars of both female lionesses and male lions are very powerful, and roars are used to keep track of other members of the pride. The roar of a lion can be heard up to five miles away.