Leopard geckos are desert-dwelling reptiles native to parts of southern Asia. Leopard geckos are among the larger gecko species and, unlike many gecko species, they possess eyelids and lack adhesive structures on their feet.
Leopard geckos are native to parts of Afghanistan, Pakistan, India and Iran. They inhabit arid grasslands and deserts and have many adaptations for life in arid, unforgiving environments. Leopard geckos belong to the subfamily Eublepharinae - the eyelid geckos. Most geckos are incapable of blinking and use their tongues to clean and moisten their eyes. Leopard geckos possess fully functional eyelids. This is an excellent adaptation for life in a dry, sandy environment. Leopard geckos also lack the adhesive structures that are present on the feet of many other gecko species. Instead, leopard gecko feet function well for burrowing in sand. A leopard gecko's tail is short and thick. This thick tail serves as a fat reservoir that sustains the gecko when food is scarce. Like many other lizards, leopard geckos can drop their tails when fleeing from a predator. The tail regenerates and continues to function in fat storage. Because of their hardiness and the ease of their care, leopard geckos make excellent pets. They survive easily in a 10 to 20 gallon tank and, being nocturnal, require no special lighting.