Where Do King Penguins Live?

King penguins live on islands surrounding Antarctica, including the Falklands, Prince Edward, South Georgia, South Sandwich, Crozet, Heard, Macquarie and Kerguelen. Though some live as far south as the coast of Antarctica, no colonies have been found inside the Antarctic Circle.

Though King penguins generally inhabit the icy, sparsely vegetated islands of the southern oceans, non-breeding pairs have been found farther north in southern Chile and Argentina and individuals in Brazil and South Africa. Their general appreciation for more temperate conditions is also reflected in their choice of fishing areas, because they prefer slightly northern waters where the surface air temperature hovers around 4.5 degrees Celsius or 40 degrees Fahrenheit.