African elephants prefer a wide range of habitats from deserts to rain forests. Elephants are physically adapted to survive in each type of environment. Some of these adaptations include different body size and adaptation to food specific food sources and water availability.
There are two types African elephant, the savannah elephant and the African forest elephant. The desert elephants of Namibia are considered to be related to the larger savannah elephants. The smallest type of African elephant, the forest elephant, is sometimes considered to be a separate species. African forest elephants live in the dense rain forests of central Africa.