Tigers are the largest member of the cat family. These wild cats are carnivores. Primarily, they eat pigs and deer for food, although they also consume dogs, leopards, pythons, monkeys and crocodiles.
The tiger is threatened by poaching and habitat destruction. There were roughly 100,000 tigers in the wild in the early 1990, but as of 2014, recent estimates suggest that only 3,000 to 4,500 tigers remain in the wild. The Bengal Tiger is the most prominent, followed by the Indochinese, Siberian, Sumatran and Malayan tigers. These large animals once lived in an area that spanned from Turkey into parts of South and Southeast Asia as well as the eastern shores of Asia. However, their habitat is now limited to South and Southeast Asia as well as China and eastern Russia.
Tigers tend to be quiet, which enables them to hunt with precision. These animals have large and powerful claws to help catch prey. Their colorful stripe pattern allows them to blend in with their surroundings, such as forests and grassy areas, where they frequently hunt for prey. Tigers typically live in areas such as tropical rain forests as well as coniferous and deciduous forests covered in snow. Other habitats include mangrove swamps and forests. Tiger litters frequently contain two to three cubs, with an average birth weight of approximately 2 pounds. The lifespan of a tiger is 10 to 15 years.