The red wolf is one of only two species of wolves, the other species being its bigger cousin, the gray wolf. A wolf eats up to 20 pounds of food in one meal. Red wolves eat small mammals, such as rabbits, rodents and deer, as well as insects and berries.
Wolves are found in North America, Asia, North Africa and Europe. In the United States, the red wolf's range includes the East from Pennsylvania to Florida and stretches all the way west to Texas. Red wolves are prevalent in North Carolina, and experts recommend seeing and hearing them at the Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge and the Pocosin Lakes National Wildlife Refuge in this state.
Red wolves live together in packs of five to eight. Packs consist of breeding parents and offspring. Red wolves mate in late winter. The litter size ranges from two to eight pups.
Adult red wolves weigh 50 to 80 pounds and measure approximately 4 feet from head to tail. They live six to seven years in the wild and up to 15 years in captivity. Red wolves get their name from the reddish hue in the fur behind the ears, on the neck and on their legs.