Golden retrievers were developed in the 1800s by Baron Tweedmouth in Scotland but were not officially recognized as a breed until 1925. Since then, golden retrievers have enjoyed an extraordinary amount of fame in the United sates and have become the third-most-popular dog breed as of 2014.
The golden retriever was bred from the flat-coated retriever and the tweed water spaniel. In fact, the golden retriever, formerly called the golden flat coat, was considered just another variation of the flat-coated retriever up until 1913, when it received a new name and identity.
The golden retriever was developed to be a powerful hunting dog with its super sniffing nose. Its olfactory skills catapulted it into jobs dealing with search-and-rescue and bomb sniffing. Not only is it known for its keen sense of smell, but it is also one of the smartest dog breeds in the world, making it a great service and therapy dog and highly trainable. In fact, a golden retriever won the first three obedience trials by the American Kennel Club. Its trainability also makes the golden retriever a prime candidate for use in television and movies. For instance, "Homeward Bound" and the popular "Air Bud" movie series feature golden retrievers.