Arizona's diverse landscape provides habitats for several unique animals, including elk, mountain lions, bobcats, ringtail cats and desert bighorn sheep. Desert creatures such as tarantulas, rattlesnakes and scorpions are found in Arizona as well.
Arizona elks can weigh up to 1,200 pounds and they are the second largest animal in the deer family. Elks are fast animals, reaching speeds up to 40 miles per hour, and can leap 8 to 10 feet vertically. Average elk live 14 to 16 years, and they typically build habitats in forested areas near water sources. They can be found in Arizona's White Mountains and Kaibab Forest, as well as in areas such as Flagstaff, Williams and Payson.
The Arizona badger is found throughout the state. Belonging to the weasel family, badgers typically weigh between 10 to 20 pounds and have muscular bodies. They become relatively inactive during winter months, and they mate during the late summer or early fall.
Desert bighorn sheep are quick, agile animals typically found in the mountain ranges, deserts or cliffs of Arizona. Weighing 150 to 200 pounds, the sheep use their horns as tools and for defense. Desert bighorn sheep mainly eat grass and jojoba, and they use cacti for moisture consumption.