English-speaking countries usually call horse meat "horse meat" or "horse beef" or even just "horse." This may be due in part to the fact that horse meat is not popular for human consumption in Anglophone countries such as the United States and the United Kingdom.
If a horse meat dish is from a non-Anglophone country, however, it may have names specific to that language culture. In Japanese cuisine, for example, raw horse meat is used as sashimi and called "sakura" after the cherry blossom tree because of the meat's pink color. Similarly, smoked horse meat in Sweden is sometimes sold as "hamburgerkott," or hamburger meat. Many cuisines, however, still refer to it in their language's equivalent of "horse meat," such as the French "viande chevaline."