Goats do eat oats but not as a sole source of nutrition. A diet of oats and alfalfa supplies the nutrients necessary in a goat's normal diet.
Oats contain 10 percent less energy than barley and less fiber than corn. Oats should not make up more than 33 percent of the grain mix for high-producing animals.
Oat seeds are easily planted and grown during the summer months to provide feed for the winter. The oats need one year to grow to maturity before they can be transformed into feed. Once gathered from farming, rolled or ground oats provide maximum nutrition.