There are over 200 recognized breeds of goats as of 2016. They can vary in size, from pygmy goats that weigh about 35 pounds to Boer goats, which can weigh up to 230 pounds. Female goats are called nannies or does, while male goats are known as billies or bucks. The names of goat meat also differ and are classified according to age. Younger meat from kids is called cabrito, whereas older goat meat is known as chevron.
Goat meat is lower in fat and cholesterol than beef.
Goats are herding animals and enjoy the company of their own species. If their own kind is unavailable, they readily accept the company of other species. A group of goats is often referred to as a herd, but a more precise term for a group is a tribe or trip.
Goats are extremely curious. They often chew odd objects as a way to gain information and to test if they are edible. Goats are said to have excellent night vision and have been observed browsing in total darkness.
Goats reach sexual maturity at the age of 18 months and have a gestation period of 150 days. Their litters typically consist of one to six kids, with twins being common. A goat’s lifespan is typically 8 to 12 years.
Experts estimate that goat milk and meat are consumed throughout the world more than any other animal, including chickens and cows. Goats provide 72 percent of all the milk consumed. Goat milk contains fat molecules that are five times smaller than cow’s milk, making it far easier to digest.