According to the United Nations, the gestation period for a rabbit is 28 to 31 days. Also called a doe, a female rabbit can produce a litter ranging from one to 12 young with each birthing cycle.
The United Nations reports that a doe matures within four months of life and can begin to breed when she is five to six months of age. Healthy female rabbits can continue to reproduce until they are approximately four years old. While a doe can potentially become pregnant only three days after giving birth, it is better for the health of the doe and her young if she waits until her young are at least four weeks of age.