In the wild, geese live in low marshes, river valleys, estuaries and wet pastures as well as on offshore islands, depending on the season. Domesticated geese raised on farms forage on grassy pasture and are given yards, sometimes with sheds, as shelter.
Geese are waterfowl, much like ducks and swans. They are mainly grazing animals and require areas with large amounts of water and vegetation to survive. The two different kinds of domestic goose are separate species with distinct native ranges. The Western goose, also known as the gray goose, is descended from the graylag goose and is native to Western Europe and North Africa. The Chinese goose is descended from the swan goose and is native to Russia, Mongolia and northeast China. Both species live in very similar habitats despite their very different native ranges.