The Pomeranian breed is descended from larger dogs that pulled sleds in the Arctic north. In the late 19th century, Queen Victoria of England acquired a small orange Pomeranian and began to breed them, greatly increasing their popularity. Two Pomeranians were among the three dogs that survived the sinking of the Titanic.
Pomeranians are small dogs that range from 4 to 7 pounds. They have long, thick, double coats of fur that need to be brushed daily. Its head is wedge-shaped, its ears are triangular, and its tail lies straight up over the back. They are inquisitive, lively and affectionate. Because of their size, they do not need much exercise apart from playtime, but a daily walk is important to use up excess energy. They make good apartment dogs and companions for the elderly but are not recommended for children. Because of their size, children may inadvertently treat them roughly. Pomeranians react aggressively and noisily to strangers, which makes them good watchdogs. However, they need early training to prevent their barking from becoming an annoyance.
Pomeranians are prone to tooth decay and tooth loss, so it is important to regularly give them dry dog food. They also tend to have luxating patella, which means their knees become dislocated and do not fall back into place. This sometimes needs to be corrected by surgery.