Coyotes are clever, adaptable animals that can survive in almost any habitat in North America. They live in mountains, forests, deserts and even cities, and they eat a varied diet depending on what is available.
Coyotes are omnivores, which means they eat both plants and animals. They sometimes eat insects, lizards and snakes, and coyotes that live in cities sometimes dig through people's garbage looking for food.
Coyotes are generally about the size of a medium-sized dog, with narrow faces, large pointed ears and busy tails. They are brown or tan, and their environment affects the color of their coat. Coyotes in deserts have lighter coats than those who live in mountains and forests.
Unlike many wild animals, both male and female coyotes take care of the babies. The size of the litter changes depending on the population of coyotes in the area, with coyotes in more crowded areas having smaller litters. The litters can range in size from three to 12 pups.
Coyotes are nocturnal, which means they do most of their hunting and other activities at night. They often hunt in packs, but sometimes do solitary hunts as well, particularly in areas with fewer coyotes. They are known for their unusual calls at night, which involve yipping, growling and howling. These sounds let them communicate with each other and coordinate their hunts.