A hammerhead shark's typical prey includes small fish, stingrays, small sharks and squid. Hammerheads, even when young, are not generally eaten by other predators as the young tend to stay in shallower waters, out of the reach of other predators.
When a mother hammerhead gives birth to her babies, she immediately leaves them. Most young hammerhead sharks survive by staying in the shallow waters near the coastline, where they do not have many predators.
A hammerhead will eat small fish, small sharks, crustaceans and squid. The larger hammerheads also enjoy eating stingrays and have been seen using their heads to ram the stingrays into the substrate before biting them.
The hammerhead shark’s head looks like a hammer. Their eyes are set at the sides of the wide head, making it easier for them to see their prey. Hammerheads also have a variety of sensory organs in their head so that they can feel the vibrations and movements of their prey. They have a strong sense of smell. Lastly, the shape of their head allows them to move easily to catch prey.
Hammerheads prefer to live in warmer water along the coastline in tropical and subtropical climates. They have rows of teeth like other sharks and can grow as long as 20 feet and weigh up to 1,000 pounds. There are nine different kinds of hammerhead sharks, and most are not dangerous to humans.