Fresh meat from deer, rodents and rabbits dominates the diet of wild coyotes, but they also consume snakes, small birds, insects and carrion. According to the University of Michigan Museum of Zoology, coyotes may eat wild berries, apples, fir leaves and trash. The Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum states that coyotes are omnivores with four known predators: humans, bears, wolves and mountain lions.Continue Reading
The University of Michigan Museum of Zoology states that coyotes cover up to three miles in a single hunt. They prefer to hunt at dusk and dawn, especially when humans live nearby. They are shy around adult humans but frequently rifle through garbage containers, especially when live prey and carrion are scarce. Garbage bins with locking lids discourage this practice.
Coyotes have excellent vision, hearing and smell. They are agile and run quickly, but they lack the digging ability necessary to extract small rodents from subterranean burrows. When hunting rodents, coyotes often collaborate with badgers, who are slow runners with exceptional digging ability. When coyotes and badgers hunt together, both benefit.
In most other situations coyotes are solitary hunters, although they form packs to hunt deer. This sophisticated strategy forces the deer to run until it is exhausted and can no longer escape or defend itself. The pack then funnels the exhausted deer toward coyotes hidden in secluded areas. After killing the deer, the pack divides the meat.Learn more about Mammals
The primary predators of coyotes are wolves, though they do not have a predator/prey relationship. Two are in direct competition over prey animals, since both are considered to be at the top of the food chain.Full Answer >
Coyotes are primarily carnivores and mainly eat small and large mammals, although they also prey on birds, snakes, lizards, amphibians, crustaceans, fish and insects. When fresh meat is not available, they eat carrion, including cannibalizing the dead of their own species. They sometimes feed on a variety of fruit and vegetables.Full Answer >
Bats are both predator and prey in the food chain as these flying mammals eat many types of insects yet are eaten by hawks, owls, snakes, weasels and raccoons. The complete, generic food chain of a bat from bottom to top is as follows: plant, insect, bat, and a predatory bird, mammal or reptile.Full Answer >
Three-toed sloths eat leaves, shoots and fruit from the trees they live in, and in some cases will also eat small rodents or insects. Their diet lacks nutrition, and they get very little energy from it. It's speculated that sloths move so slowly for this reason. Three-toed sloths digest their food with the bacteria in their stomachs, which have four chambers, and the digestive process for one meal can take as long as one month.Full Answer >