Owners should primarily feed their pet rabbits hay. Rabbit owners often use Timothy hay, but other grass hays, such as meadow and oat, can provide healthy variety. Dark, leafy, washed greens are also important to feed a rabbit, and owners can supplement their diets with a good-quality pellet.
Rabbits should eat their body size in hay every day. Hay should always be fresh when fed to a rabbit and should be stored in an air-tight container to keep it dry. As a food source, hay is essential because it provides rabbits with fiber, prevents gastrointestinal blockage and other issues, and wears down a rabbit's teeth.
Alfalfa is only suitable to give to young rabbits as a treat due to its high sugar and protein content, but fresh fruits, such as strawberries, raspberries and bananas, can be given in moderation to adult rabbits. In addition to leafy greens, rabbits also enjoy herbs like basil and mint and vegetables like broccoli, cauliflower and bell peppers.
A varied diet is vital to a healthy rabbit, and organic produce should be used when possible. It is important that owners never feed their rabbits corn or other carbohydrate-heavy human foods, such as crackers, cookies, granola, or dried fruits, seeds and nuts.