Sharks

A:

The hammerhead shark is found worldwide in tropical and warm coastal waters and near continental shelves. They may also be found in the adjacent coral reefs, lagoons and surrounding deep waters.

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  • How do you fight a shark?

    Q: How do you fight a shark?

    A: If you are attacked by a shark, it is important to fight back and get out of the water as soon as possible, but there are also important tips to learn to avoid a shark encounter. Sharks generally don’t like to eat humans. When sharks bite humans it is usually a “hit and run,” where they bite the human out of curiosity and swim away. This usually happens in shallow water and is rarely lethal.
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  • What does the great white shark eat?

    Q: What does the great white shark eat?

    A: Great white sharks eat mainly seals and sea lions. They also eat other types of fish and even sea turtles. Seals are a good source for great white sharks due to their large body fat ratios.
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  • Why do great white shark attacks happen?

    Q: Why do great white shark attacks happen?

    A: Over the years, experts have been trying to determine exactly why great white sharks attack humans. Three of the main theories include the investigatory theory, mistaken identity theory and social-defensive theory.
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  • How long does a great white shark live?

    Q: How long does a great white shark live?

    A: Great white sharks have a lifespan of 30 to over 100 years. Great whites can be found in all major oceans and are well known for their large size. Some reach lengths of over 20 feet.
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  • What is the fastest shark in the world?

    Q: What is the fastest shark in the world?

    A: Of the 400 or so shark species on the planet, the shortfin mako shark is thought to be the fastest, capable of swimming at speeds from 22 to 60 miles per hour. Makos are aggressive, however attacks on humans are rare because the species usually stays in the open ocean.
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  • What is a baby shark called?

    Q: What is a baby shark called?

    A: A baby shark is referred to as a pup. Sharks are born in three different ways. Sharks lay eggs that then hatch, carry eggs that hatch inside them or grow pups inside them.
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  • Where do whale sharks live?

    Q: Where do whale sharks live?

    A: Whale sharks live in all seas that are tropical or warm-temperate. Generally whale sharks range no further south than South America and no further north than the United States. They prefer warmer waters near the equator.
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  • Is a shark a mammal?

    Q: Is a shark a mammal?

    A: A shark is not considered a mammal. Sharks are considered members of the paraphyletic group of organisms that contain gills, or in other words, fish.
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  • What do great white sharks eat?

    Q: What do great white sharks eat?

    A: Great white sharks are carnivores that eat seabirds, sea turtles, fish, squid, certain cetaceans (such as dolphins, porpoises and whales), and especially sea lions and seals. Great whites are occasionally observed eating the carcasses of dead whales.
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  • How do sharks adapt to their environment?

    Q: How do sharks adapt to their environment?

    A: Sharks are capable of adapting quickly in different environments by adjusting their unique physical features to their surroundings. The shark can adjust its internal temperature to live in a various climates. The shark’s incredibly tough skin provides high defense from the attacks of other predators and the color of their skin gives them camouflage abilities underwater.
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  • What are the Great White Shark behavioral adaptations?

    Q: What are the Great White Shark behavioral adaptations?

    A: To survive, great white sharks have evolved several behavioral adaptations, including flexible activity patterns, migratory habits and social hierarchies. However, great white sharks are also intelligent hunters, and their most important adaptation is their use of different strategies for different prey. Great whites are not commonly kept in captivity; so many aspects of their behavior remain unknown, as it is difficult to study them in the wild.
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  • Why are sharks afraid of dolphins?

    Q: Why are sharks afraid of dolphins?

    A: Sharks actually attack dolphins on occasion, but sharks are wary of them because dolphins have excellent detection skills in the water, are highly intelligent, attack in groups and occasionally protect other mammals including humans even if they aren’t part of the dolphin’s pod. According to Sharks-World, sharks aren’t so much afraid of dolphins as they are confused by the sounds that dolphins make.
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  • What do sharks look like?

    Q: What do sharks look like?

    A: There are 465 known species of sharks that display different physical characteristics. Most are identifiable by their darker upper sides that blend with the water above and their white or lighter-colored undersides that blend with the sea below, in addition to their fins, side gill slits and rows of sharp teeth. Shark skeletons are composed of cartilage, a light and flexible tissue.
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  • What is the biggest great white shark ever seen?

    Q: What is the biggest great white shark ever seen?

    A: According to Discovery Communications, the biggest great white shark ever reported was 23 feet long. It was caught off the coast of Malta by Alfredo Cutajar in 1987, however there is still some debate as to if the measurement was accurate or not.
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  • What is the symbiosis between remoras and sharks?

    Q: What is the symbiosis between remoras and sharks?

    A: Most scientists classify the relationship between the shark and the remora as a commensalit relationship, because the remora benefits from the transportation and food that the shark provides, while the shark does not seem to be harmed. However, there are some scientists who believe that the remora are irritating to sharks, and others who believe the relationship is symbiotic.
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  • Are sharks blind?

    Q: Are sharks blind?

    A: Sharks have the ability to see, but they cannot see colors. Dolphins, whales and other aquatic animals are also color-blind. Marine animals' survival is not dependant on the ability to see color, but rather the ability to see contrast in colors.
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  • What do baby sharks eat?

    Q: What do baby sharks eat?

    A: Baby sharks, appropriately called "pups," eat smaller quantities of the same food that adult sharks eat. Although the exact composition of the diet will vary due to species, environmental factors and availability, most shark pups eat fish, mollusks, crustaceans, krill, marine mammals and plankton.
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  • How fast can a great white shark swim?

    Q: How fast can a great white shark swim?

    A: Because of its highly streamlined shape and powerful swimming muscles, a great white shark can swim up to 35 miles per hour in short bursts. In addition to its ability to swim in short bursts, a great white can also move at a steady cruising speed. Scientists recorded one great white that swam a total of 12,400 miles in nine months, an average of 45 miles each day.
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  • What are some interesting megalodon facts?

    Q: What are some interesting megalodon facts?

    A: The megalodon was a prehistoric shark species that went extinct at least 1.5 million years ago; the reasons the giant predators disappeared remain a mystery. Megalodons were not only the largest sharks to have ever lived, they were also the largest marine predator to ever swim the world’s oceans. While some propose that the sharks may still swim the world’s oceans, most scientists agree they are extinct.
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  • How big is a newborn shark?

    Q: How big is a newborn shark?

    A: Newborn shark sizes vary by shark species; for example, a newborn great white is typically about 4 feet long, while blacktip reef shark newborns are considerably smaller, usually more than 20 inches in length. Whale sharks, which are quite large in adulthood, give birth to live pups rather than laying eggs, and these newborn pups are typically about a foot and a half long, or 21 to 25 inches in length. Growth rates subsequent to birth may also vary by species.
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  • How long do sharks live?

    Q: How long do sharks live?

    A: According to PBS, the average life span of a shark is 25 years. Life expectancy can vary among shark species. Sharks tend to live much longer in the wild than in captivity.
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