A:According to the University of California at Berkeley, the single largest group of mammals is the rodentia, which includes the rat. There are over 1,500 different rodent species, including hamsters, guinea pigs, mice and hamsters.
A:Beavers are semi-aquatic mammals that live throughout most of North America. Beavers are most noted for their exceptionally long teeth and their flattened, paddle-like tails. Beavers use their long teeth to obtain food and to fell trees for the construction of dams and lodges.
A:Most tree-dwelling squirrels, such as red and gray squirrels, do not hibernate during winter and stay active throughout the day as long as the temperature does not fall below 30 degrees Fahrenheit. Ground squirrels, especially those that can be found in the Arctic, Alaska and Canada, do practice hibernation.
A:Weighing only about 0.8 ounces, baby muskrats are born blind and hairless. After about two weeks, they develop fur, begin swimming and are able to stay underwater for as long as 15 minutes. In warmer environments, muskrats mature in six months; in colder environments, maturation takes about a year.
A:Porcupines use quills that cover their backs and tails to protect themselves, and these quills are mixed in with their regular hair. When threatened, porcupines turn their backs and try to shove their tails full of quills into would-be attackers.
A:Even though they are tiny, measuring 2 to 3 inches in body length and weighing only about 1 ounce, common house mice can jump as high as 1 foot and can traverse up to 13 inches of a vertical wall. They can also swim ½ mile.
A:Gerbils are illegal in California because the state is afraid that if any find their way into the wild, they could cause significant damage to crops and native animals and plants. Hawaii also prohibits the breeding, distribution and ownership of gerbils.
A:Field mice are herbivores that prefer to eat any vegetables, seeds or fruits that are in season. If their preferred foods are not available, they may also eat tree bark, roots or, if they live near a farm, whatever crops the farmer happens to be growing.
A:According to About.com, blueberries are an acceptable food for guinea pigs. This fruit contains vitamin C, and it is essential that guinea pigs get an adequate amount of the nutrient. Otherwise, they develop scurvy, a serious disease.
A:Mice are repelled by the smell of cat urine, peppermint and Bounce dryer sheets. Cat urine repels mice because they equate it with death. The peppermint in tea bags, sprays and oils deters mice because of its strong smell. Bounce dryer sheets are the only brand reputed to repel mice.
A:According to WildlifeDamageControl.net, the terms gopher, whistle pig, groundhog and woodchuck all refer to the same species, Marmota monax. Woodchucks are stocky, four-legged animals that may weigh up to 10 pounds. Woodchucks have a reputation for being troublesome pests that are hard to eradicate. They consume foods grown by farmers and gardeners, while their burrowing habits can undermine homes, decks and porches.
A:Gophers can be pests to homeowners and gardeners due to their destructive burrowing and eating of plants. While professionals are recommended for gopher removal, it is possible to do the work yourself.
A:Pet guinea pigs typically need their nails clipped regularly by their owners or veterinarians. Otherwise, the nails continue to grow and either break off or curl under painfully. Their nails wear down naturally only if they spend a lot of time on hard, rough surfaces such as brick or concrete.
A:It is acceptable to feed a hamster mild cheese in moderation. When feeding a hamster new food, it is important to introduce the food slowly. Feeding too much of a foreign food to a hamster too early can upset its stomach and possibly cause diarrhea.