Penguins

A:

All known species of penguins live naturally in the southern hemisphere of the world. They actually occupy habitats which are located on each of the five continents within the southern hemisphere.

See Full Answer
Filed Under:
  • Who is the most decorated military penguin?

    Q: Who is the most decorated military penguin?

    A:

    Sir Nils Olav, a king penguin, was knighted in 2008 and is the official mascot and honorary Colonel-in-Chief of the Norwegian Royal Guard. He lives in Scotland’s Edinburgh Zoo, and members of the Guard usually visit the penguin when they have military duties in Scotland.

    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is a penguin's habitat?

    Q: What is a penguin's habitat?

    A:

    Penguin habitats are always close to ocean waters, though some live in warmer climates and some in colder ones. Penguins need to live close to water since they spend three quarters of their time there. They also hunt for squid, krill, fish and crustaceans, which are all in the water.

    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How do penguins survive in Antarctica?

    Q: How do penguins survive in Antarctica?

    A:

    According to Cool Antarctica, penguins survive in Antarctica thanks to their thick layer of subcutaneous fat and their small surface-volume ratio. These are essential to maintaining the penguins' core temperature while the animals are submerged in freezing water. Penguins also have feathers, and air trapped between them helps the birds stay warm while on land.

    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How fast can penguins swim?

    Q: How fast can penguins swim?

    A:

    According to Falklands Conservation, penguins can swim at speeds of up to 17 mph; however, they normally average between 9 and 15 mph. Penguins can also dive further and swim faster than any other bird.

    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Where do penguins sleep?

    Q: Where do penguins sleep?

    A:

    Penguins sleep on both land and as they float at sea. It is not unusual for penguins to sleep standing up, although they also sleep laying down.

    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What makes up a penguin's diet?

    Q: What makes up a penguin's diet?

    A:

    According to About.com, penguins are carnivores with piscivorous diets, and their diet consists mainly of fish, crustaceans and cephalopods. Penguins are opportunistic feeders, and their diet is largely based on what is available seasonally and in a particular location.

    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Where do penguins live?

    Q: Where do penguins live?

    A:

    All known species of penguins live naturally in the southern hemisphere of the world. They actually occupy habitats which are located on each of the five continents within the southern hemisphere.

    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is a mother penguin called?

    Q: What is a mother penguin called?

    A:

    There are not exclusive names for the female penguin, but they have been called hens. Most of the time they are simply referred to as the female penguin.

    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How did penguins get their waddle?

    Q: How did penguins get their waddle?

    A:

    The origin of the beloved penguin waddle begins with the extinction of the dinosaurs, which killed most oceanic predators like sharks and reptiles. This allowed certain birds to dive into the water for food, and over generations their wings turned to strong flippers, their legs shrunk, and they became flightless. Eventually, their bird-like horizontal posture gave way to a vertical “standing” waddle that we recognize today.

    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How do penguins care for their young?

    Q: How do penguins care for their young?

    A:

    Penguins raise their chicks with dedication from egg to adolescence, when they are old enough to enter the water. According to Sea World, scientists believe the different coloration of penguin chicks encourages parenting behavior in adults. Both parents feed their chick, which they recognize by its call, by regurgitating food into its mouth.

    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Do penguins live in Alaska?

    Q: Do penguins live in Alaska?

    A:

    There are no penguins in Alaska other than in zoos. Penguins are natives of the Southern Hemisphere. The northernmost population is on the Galapagos Islands, which lie on the equator.

    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What are the predators of penguins?

    Q: What are the predators of penguins?

    A:

    Land predators of the various penguin species include lizards, skuas, snakes, other birds and ferrets. Water predators consist largely of killer whales, leopard seals and sharks. While penguins are now protected, humans have been known to hunt them illegally for their oil and eggs.

    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How long can penguins stay underwater?

    Q: How long can penguins stay underwater?

    A:

    According to information from the Antarctica government, the Emperor penguin is capable of a 22-minute underwater stay, up to a depth of 984 feet. The length of a typical stay is three to six minutes.

    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How do penguins communicate?

    Q: How do penguins communicate?

    A:

    Penguins primarily communicate vocally, but they also communicate through body language and posturing. Penguins all look virtually identical, which makes individual recognition very difficult. To overcome this, penguins have evolved different sounding voices and the ability to recognize the individual voices of their mates or chicks. This allows the birds to recognize and find their important conspecifics amid the masses, which all look the same.

    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What do penguins eat?

    Q: What do penguins eat?

    A:

    Penguins generally eat fish, squid and krill, though their diet depends on the species. Generally, penguins living close to the equator eat more fish, while penguins in arctic climates rely on squid and krill for sustenance.

    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Are carrier pigeons extinct?

    Q: Are carrier pigeons extinct?

    A:

    Carrier pigeons are actually domesticated rock pigeons and not extinct. The International Union for Conservation of Nature has categorized rock pigeons in the "least concern" category. Rock pigeons are no longer used in any official capacity.

    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Where do penguins live in the wild?

    Q: Where do penguins live in the wild?

    A:

    Although all penguins live in the Southern Hemisphere, not every species of penguin lives in Antarctica. Several species exist in sub-zero climates, while others live in locations with temperatures regularly above 100 F. Generally, penguins become larger the farther south they live, according to PBS television show "Nature."

    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How much do penguins weigh?

    Q: How much do penguins weigh?

    A:

    Penguins weigh from 2 to 90 pounds depending on the species of penguin and the stage of the breeding cycle. Little blue penguins, found only near Australia and New Zealand, are the smallest and weigh 2 or 3 pounds.

    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is the habitat of a king penguin?

    Q: What is the habitat of a king penguin?

    A:

    King penguins live in the sub-Antarctic region as well as the Prince Edward Islands, the Falkland Islands, Australia, New Zealand and southern Georgia. The king penguin is large in size, second only to the Emperor penguin. It can be up to 35 pounds and 3 feet tall.

    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Do penguins migrate?

    Q: Do penguins migrate?

    A:

    Adult penguins migrate from breeding to feeding grounds. Some species of penguins travel long distances between rookeries and coastal feeding waters.

    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What eats penguins?

    Q: What eats penguins?

    A:

    The main types of predators that eat penguins are marine animals, such as leopard seals, whales and sharks. Many land animals are also a threat to penguins in Antarctica and include birds like petrels, skuas and gulls.

    See Full Answer
    Filed Under: