Penguins

A:

The name for a group of penguins varies based on whether the penguins being described are on land or at sea. "Rookery," "waddle" or "colony" are all three terms that are used in reference to a group of penguins on land, while a group of penguins floating at sea is referred to as a "raft."

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  • What eats emperor penguins?

    Q: What eats emperor penguins?

    A: According to Encyclopedia Britannica, emperor penguins are preyed upon by killer whales, leopard seals and giant fulmars. A native of Antarctica, the emperor penguin is the largest species of penguin in the world, approaching 50 inches in length and 55 to 100 pounds in weight.
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  • What do penguins eat?

    Q: What do penguins eat?

    A: Penguins generally eat fish, squid and krill, though their diet depends on the species. Generally, penguins living close to the equator eat more fish, while penguins in arctic climates rely on squid and krill for sustenance.
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  • Do penguins live at the North Pole?

    Q: Do penguins live at the North Pole?

    A: Penguins do not live at the North Pole and never have. They populate only the waters and coastal areas of the Southern Hemisphere, particularly Antarctica.
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  • Do penguins lay eggs?

    Q: Do penguins lay eggs?

    A: Being members of the bird family, penguins do lay eggs when reproducing. Depending on the species of penguin, the incubation process takes anywhere from 1 to 2 months. The larger emperor penguin eggs take longer to incubate.
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  • How much does a penguin weigh?

    Q: How much does a penguin weigh?

    A: Emperor penguins, the largest species of penguins, weigh between 60 and 90 pounds. The smallest species of penguins, Little Blue penguins, weigh between 2 and 5 pounds. There are 17 different species of penguins in the world.
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  • What is a penguin's habitat?

    Q: What is a penguin's habitat?

    A: Penguin habitats are always close to ocean waters, though some live in warmer climates and some in colder ones. Penguins need to live close to water since they spend three quarters of their time there. They also hunt for squid, krill, fish and crustaceans, which are all in the water.
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  • Who is the most decorated military penguin?

    Q: Who is the most decorated military penguin?

    A: Sir Nils Olav, a king penguin, was knighted in 2008 and is the official mascot and honorary Colonel-in-Chief of the Norwegian Royal Guard. He lives in Scotland’s Edinburgh Zoo, and members of the Guard usually visit the penguin when they have military duties in Scotland.
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  • What do king penguins eat?

    Q: What do king penguins eat?

    A: King penguins eat squids and fish. A carnivorous animal, king penguins especially like consuming the lantern fish. However, they also dine on other species of small fish, krill and small crustaceans.
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  • Do penguins migrate?

    Q: Do penguins migrate?

    A: Adult penguins migrate from breeding to feeding grounds. Some species of penguins travel long distances between rookeries and coastal feeding waters.
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  • What is a mother penguin called?

    Q: What is a mother penguin called?

    A: There are not exclusive names for the female penguin, but they have been called hens. Most of the time they are simply referred to as the female penguin.
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  • What makes up a penguin's diet?

    Q: What makes up a penguin's diet?

    A: According to About.com, penguins are carnivores with piscivorous diets, and their diet consists mainly of fish, crustaceans and cephalopods. Penguins are opportunistic feeders, and their diet is largely based on what is available seasonally and in a particular location.
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  • How do penguins survive in Antarctica?

    Q: How do penguins survive in Antarctica?

    A: According to Cool Antarctica, penguins survive in Antarctica thanks to their thick layer of subcutaneous fat and their small surface-volume ratio. These are essential to maintaining the penguins' core temperature while the animals are submerged in freezing water. Penguins also have feathers, and air trapped between them helps the birds stay warm while on land.
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  • How do penguins communicate?

    Q: How do penguins communicate?

    A: Penguins primarily communicate vocally, but they also communicate through body language and posturing. Penguins all look virtually identical, which makes individual recognition very difficult. To overcome this, penguins have evolved different sounding voices and the ability to recognize the individual voices of their mates or chicks. This allows the birds to recognize and find their important conspecifics amid the masses, which all look the same.
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  • What are baby penguins called?

    Q: What are baby penguins called?

    A: Baby penguins are referred to as chicks. A group of penguin chicks is known as a crèche, which is the French word for crib.
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  • Where do penguins live in the wild?

    Q: Where do penguins live in the wild?

    A: Although all penguins live in the Southern Hemisphere, not every species of penguin lives in Antarctica. Several species exist in sub-zero climates, while others live in locations with temperatures regularly above 100 F. Generally, penguins become larger the farther south they live, according to PBS television show "Nature."
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  • How long can penguins stay underwater?

    Q: How long can penguins stay underwater?

    A: According to information from the Antarctica government, the Emperor penguin is capable of a 22-minute underwater stay, up to a depth of 984 feet. The length of a typical stay is three to six minutes.
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  • Do penguins live in Alaska?

    Q: Do penguins live in Alaska?

    A: There are no penguins in Alaska other than in zoos. Penguins are natives of the Southern Hemisphere. The northernmost population is on the Galapagos Islands, which lie on the equator.
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  • How did penguins get their waddle?

    Q: How did penguins get their waddle?

    A: The origin of the beloved penguin waddle begins with the extinction of the dinosaurs, which killed most oceanic predators like sharks and reptiles. This allowed certain birds to dive into the water for food, and over generations their wings turned to strong flippers, their legs shrunk, and they became flightless. Eventually, their bird-like horizontal posture gave way to a vertical “standing” waddle that we recognize today.
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  • How fast can penguins swim?

    Q: How fast can penguins swim?

    A: According to Falklands Conservation, penguins can swim at speeds of up to 17 mph; however, they normally average between 9 and 15 mph. Penguins can also dive further and swim faster than any other bird.
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  • How do penguins care for their young?

    Q: How do penguins care for their young?

    A: Penguins raise their chicks with dedication from egg to adolescence, when they are old enough to enter the water. According to Sea World, scientists believe the different coloration of penguin chicks encourages parenting behavior in adults. Both parents feed their chick, which they recognize by its call, by regurgitating food into its mouth.
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  • Where do penguins live?

    Q: Where do penguins live?

    A: All known species of penguins live naturally in the southern hemisphere of the world. They actually occupy habitats which are located on each of the five continents within the southern hemisphere.
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