Penguins

A:

Baby penguins are referred to as chicks. A group of penguin chicks is known as a crèche, which is the French word for crib.

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  • How fast can penguins swim?

    Q: How fast can penguins swim?

    A: According to Falklands Conservation, penguins can swim at speeds of up to 17 mph; however, they normally average between 9 and 15 mph. Penguins can also dive further and swim faster than any other bird.
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  • Where do penguins live in the wild?

    Q: Where do penguins live in the wild?

    A: Although all penguins live in the Southern Hemisphere, not every species of penguin lives in Antarctica. Several species exist in sub-zero climates, while others live in locations with temperatures regularly above 100 F. Generally, penguins become larger the farther south they live, according to PBS television show "Nature."
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  • How did penguins get their waddle?

    Q: How did penguins get their waddle?

    A: The origin of the beloved penguin waddle begins with the extinction of the dinosaurs, which killed most oceanic predators like sharks and reptiles. This allowed certain birds to dive into the water for food, and over generations their wings turned to strong flippers, their legs shrunk, and they became flightless. Eventually, their bird-like horizontal posture gave way to a vertical “standing” waddle that we recognize today.
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  • How do penguins survive in Antarctica?

    Q: How do penguins survive in Antarctica?

    A: According to Cool Antarctica, penguins survive in Antarctica thanks to their thick layer of subcutaneous fat and their small surface-volume ratio. These are essential to maintaining the penguins' core temperature while the animals are submerged in freezing water. Penguins also have feathers, and air trapped between them helps the birds stay warm while on land.
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  • Who is the most decorated military penguin?

    Q: Who is the most decorated military penguin?

    A: Sir Nils Olav, a king penguin, was knighted in 2008 and is the official mascot and honorary Colonel-in-Chief of the Norwegian Royal Guard. He lives in Scotland’s Edinburgh Zoo, and members of the Guard usually visit the penguin when they have military duties in Scotland.
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  • How long can penguins stay underwater?

    Q: How long can penguins stay underwater?

    A: According to information from the Antarctica government, the Emperor penguin is capable of a 22-minute underwater stay, up to a depth of 984 feet. The length of a typical stay is three to six minutes.
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  • What eats penguins?

    Q: What eats penguins?

    A: The main types of predators that eat penguins are marine animals, such as leopard seals, whales and sharks. Many land animals are also a threat to penguins in Antarctica and include birds like petrels, skuas and gulls.
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  • Where do penguins sleep?

    Q: Where do penguins sleep?

    A: Penguins sleep on both land and as they float at sea. It is not unusual for penguins to sleep standing up, although they also sleep laying down.
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  • What is a penguin's habitat?

    Q: What is a penguin's habitat?

    A: Penguin habitats are always close to ocean waters, though some live in warmer climates and some in colder ones. Penguins need to live close to water since they spend three quarters of their time there. They also hunt for squid, krill, fish and crustaceans, which are all in the water.
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  • How fast do penguins swim?

    Q: How fast do penguins swim?

    A: Emperor penguins have an average swimming speed of 6.7 mph but have been observed swimming as fast as 8.9 mph. King and chinstrap penguin's average speed is 5.3 mph, while the fairy penguin swims much slower at only 1.6 mph.
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  • What makes up a penguin's diet?

    Q: What makes up a penguin's diet?

    A: According to About.com, penguins are carnivores with piscivorous diets, and their diet consists mainly of fish, crustaceans and cephalopods. Penguins are opportunistic feeders, and their diet is largely based on what is available seasonally and in a particular location.
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  • How much does a penguin weigh?

    Q: How much does a penguin weigh?

    A: Emperor penguins, the largest species of penguins, weigh between 60 and 90 pounds. The smallest species of penguins, Little Blue penguins, weigh between 2 and 5 pounds. There are 17 different species of penguins in the world.
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  • What are the predators of penguins?

    Q: What are the predators of penguins?

    A: Land predators of the various penguin species include lizards, skuas, snakes, other birds and ferrets. Water predators consist largely of killer whales, leopard seals and sharks. While penguins are now protected, humans have been known to hunt them illegally for their oil and eggs.
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  • How do penguins communicate?

    Q: How do penguins communicate?

    A: Penguins primarily communicate vocally, but they also communicate through body language and posturing. Penguins all look virtually identical, which makes individual recognition very difficult. To overcome this, penguins have evolved different sounding voices and the ability to recognize the individual voices of their mates or chicks. This allows the birds to recognize and find their important conspecifics amid the masses, which all look the same.
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  • What do king penguins eat?

    Q: What do king penguins eat?

    A: King penguins eat squids and fish. A carnivorous animal, king penguins especially like consuming the lantern fish. However, they also dine on other species of small fish, krill and small crustaceans.
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  • What is a group of penguins called?

    Q: What is a group of penguins called?

    A: The name for a group of penguins varies based on whether the penguins being described are on land or at sea. "Rookery," "waddle" or "colony" are all three terms that are used in reference to a group of penguins on land, while a group of penguins floating at sea is referred to as a "raft."
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  • What are baby penguins called?

    Q: What are baby penguins called?

    A: Baby penguins are referred to as chicks. A group of penguin chicks is known as a crèche, which is the French word for crib.
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  • Are carrier pigeons extinct?

    Q: Are carrier pigeons extinct?

    A: Carrier pigeons are actually domesticated rock pigeons and not extinct. The International Union for Conservation of Nature has categorized rock pigeons in the "least concern" category. Rock pigeons are no longer used in any official capacity.
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  • Do penguins migrate?

    Q: Do penguins migrate?

    A: Adult penguins migrate from breeding to feeding grounds. Some species of penguins travel long distances between rookeries and coastal feeding waters.
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  • What eats emperor penguins?

    Q: What eats emperor penguins?

    A: According to Encyclopedia Britannica, emperor penguins are preyed upon by killer whales, leopard seals and giant fulmars. A native of Antarctica, the emperor penguin is the largest species of penguin in the world, approaching 50 inches in length and 55 to 100 pounds in weight.
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  • How much do penguins weigh?

    Q: How much do penguins weigh?

    A: Penguins weigh from 2 to 90 pounds depending on the species of penguin and the stage of the breeding cycle. Little blue penguins, found only near Australia and New Zealand, are the smallest and weigh 2 or 3 pounds.
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