Penguins

A:

The name for a group of penguins varies based on whether the penguins being described are on land or at sea. "Rookery," "waddle" or "colony" are all three terms that are used in reference to a group of penguins on land, while a group of penguins floating at sea is referred to as a "raft."

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  • Do penguins lay eggs?

    Q: Do penguins lay eggs?

    A: Being members of the bird family, penguins do lay eggs when reproducing. Depending on the species of penguin, the incubation process takes anywhere from 1 to 2 months. The larger emperor penguin eggs take longer to incubate.
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  • What do penguins eat?

    Q: What do penguins eat?

    A: Penguins generally eat fish, squid and krill, though their diet depends on the species. Generally, penguins living close to the equator eat more fish, while penguins in arctic climates rely on squid and krill for sustenance.
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  • What is a group of penguins called?

    Q: What is a group of penguins called?

    A: The name for a group of penguins varies based on whether the penguins being described are on land or at sea. "Rookery," "waddle" or "colony" are all three terms that are used in reference to a group of penguins on land, while a group of penguins floating at sea is referred to as a "raft."
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  • Do penguins migrate?

    Q: Do penguins migrate?

    A: Adult penguins migrate from breeding to feeding grounds. Some species of penguins travel long distances between rookeries and coastal feeding waters.
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  • How much do penguins weigh?

    Q: How much do penguins weigh?

    A: Penguins weigh from 2 to 90 pounds depending on the species of penguin and the stage of the breeding cycle. Little blue penguins, found only near Australia and New Zealand, are the smallest and weigh 2 or 3 pounds.
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  • How fast can penguins swim?

    Q: How fast can penguins swim?

    A: According to Falklands Conservation, penguins can swim at speeds of up to 17 mph; however, they normally average between 9 and 15 mph. Penguins can also dive further and swim faster than any other bird.
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  • What are baby penguins called?

    Q: What are baby penguins called?

    A: Baby penguins are referred to as chicks. A group of penguin chicks is known as a cr��che, which is the French word for crib.
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  • What makes up a penguin's diet?

    Q: What makes up a penguin's diet?

    A: According to About.com, penguins are carnivores with piscivorous diets, and their diet consists mainly of fish, crustaceans and cephalopods. Penguins are opportunistic feeders, and their diet is largely based on what is available seasonally and in a particular location.
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  • Where do penguins live?

    Q: Where do penguins live?

    A: All known species of penguins live naturally in the southern hemisphere of the world. They actually occupy habitats which are located on each of the five continents within the southern hemisphere.
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  • What eats penguins?

    Q: What eats penguins?

    A: The main types of predators that eat penguins are marine animals, such as leopard seals, whales and sharks. Many land animals are also a threat to penguins in Antarctica and include birds like petrels, skuas and gulls.
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  • Where do penguins live in the wild?

    Q: Where do penguins live in the wild?

    A: Although all penguins live in the Southern Hemisphere, not every species of penguin lives in Antarctica. Several species exist in sub-zero climates, while others live in locations with temperatures regularly above 100 F. Generally, penguins become larger the farther south they live, according to PBS television show "Nature."
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  • How do penguins survive in Antarctica?

    Q: How do penguins survive in Antarctica?

    A: According to Cool Antarctica, penguins survive in Antarctica thanks to their thick layer of subcutaneous fat and their small surface-volume ratio. These are essential to maintaining the penguins' core temperature while the animals are submerged in freezing water. Penguins also have feathers, and air trapped between them helps the birds stay warm while on land.
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  • How fast do penguins swim?

    Q: How fast do penguins swim?

    A: Emperor penguins have an average swimming speed of 6.7 mph but have been observed swimming as fast as 8.9 mph. King and chinstrap penguin's average speed is 5.3 mph, while the fairy penguin swims much slower at only 1.6 mph.
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  • What do king penguins eat?

    Q: What do king penguins eat?

    A: King penguins eat squids and fish. A carnivorous animal, king penguins especially like consuming the lantern fish. However, they also dine on other species of small fish, krill and small crustaceans.
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  • Who is the most decorated military penguin?

    Q: Who is the most decorated military penguin?

    A: Sir Nils Olav, a king penguin, was knighted in 2008 and is the official mascot and honorary Colonel-in-Chief of the Norwegian Royal Guard. He lives in Scotland���s Edinburgh Zoo, and members of the Guard usually visit the penguin when they have military duties in Scotland.
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  • How much does a penguin weigh?

    Q: How much does a penguin weigh?

    A: Emperor penguins, the largest species of penguins, weigh between 60 and 90 pounds. The smallest species of penguins, Little Blue penguins, weigh between 2 and 5 pounds. There are 17 different species of penguins in the world.
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  • How long can penguins stay underwater?

    Q: How long can penguins stay underwater?

    A: According to information from the Antarctica government, the Emperor penguin is capable of a 22-minute underwater stay, up to a depth of 984 feet. The length of a typical stay is three to six minutes.
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  • How many eggs do penguins lay?

    Q: How many eggs do penguins lay?

    A: A penguin usually lay two eggs per breeding cycle; however they lay them several days apart. These eggs usually hatch about a day and a half apart from each other.
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  • What eats emperor penguins?

    Q: What eats emperor penguins?

    A: According to Encyclopedia Britannica, emperor penguins are preyed upon by killer whales, leopard seals and giant fulmars. A native of Antarctica, the emperor penguin is the largest species of penguin in the world, approaching 50 inches in length and 55 to 100 pounds in weight.
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  • How did penguins get their waddle?

    Q: How did penguins get their waddle?

    A: The origin of the beloved penguin waddle begins with the extinction of the dinosaurs, which killed most oceanic predators like sharks and reptiles. This allowed certain birds to dive into the water for food, and over generations their wings turned to strong flippers, their legs shrunk, and they became flightless. Eventually, their bird-like horizontal posture gave way to a vertical ���standing��� waddle that we recognize today.
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  • Where do penguins sleep?

    Q: Where do penguins sleep?

    A: Penguins sleep on both land and as they float at sea. It is not unusual for penguins to sleep standing up, although they also sleep laying down.
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