Penguins

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Penguins raise their chicks with dedication from egg to adolescence, when they are old enough to enter the water. According to Sea World, scientists believe the different coloration of penguin chicks encourages parenting behavior in adults. Both parents feed their chick, which they recognize by its call, by regurgitating food into its mouth.

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  • What do penguins eat?

    Q: What do penguins eat?

    A: Penguins generally eat fish, squid and krill, though their diet depends on the species. Generally, penguins living close to the equator eat more fish, while penguins in arctic climates rely on squid and krill for sustenance.
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  • Do penguins lay eggs?

    Q: Do penguins lay eggs?

    A: Being members of the bird family, penguins do lay eggs when reproducing. Depending on the species of penguin, the incubation process takes anywhere from 1 to 2 months. The larger emperor penguin eggs take longer to incubate.
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  • Where do penguins live?

    Q: Where do penguins live?

    A: All known species of penguins live naturally in the southern hemisphere of the world. They actually occupy habitats which are located on each of the five continents within the southern hemisphere.
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  • What is the habitat of a king penguin?

    Q: What is the habitat of a king penguin?

    A: King penguins live in the sub-Antarctic region as well as the Prince Edward Islands, the Falkland Islands, Australia, New Zealand and southern Georgia. The king penguin is large in size, second only to the Emperor penguin. It can be up to 35 pounds and 3 feet tall.
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  • How fast can penguins swim?

    Q: How fast can penguins swim?

    A: According to Falklands Conservation, penguins can swim at speeds of up to 17 mph; however, they normally average between 9 and 15 mph. Penguins can also dive further and swim faster than any other bird.
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  • Where do penguins live in the wild?

    Q: Where do penguins live in the wild?

    A: Although all penguins live in the Southern Hemisphere, not every species of penguin lives in Antarctica. Several species exist in sub-zero climates, while others live in locations with temperatures regularly above 100 F. Generally, penguins become larger the farther south they live, according to PBS television show "Nature."
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  • Are carrier pigeons extinct?

    Q: Are carrier pigeons extinct?

    A: Carrier pigeons are actually domesticated rock pigeons and not extinct. The International Union for Conservation of Nature has categorized rock pigeons in the "least concern" category. Rock pigeons are no longer used in any official capacity.
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  • How much does a penguin weigh?

    Q: How much does a penguin weigh?

    A: Emperor penguins, the largest species of penguins, weigh between 60 and 90 pounds. The smallest species of penguins, Little Blue penguins, weigh between 2 and 5 pounds. There are 17 different species of penguins in the world.
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  • How did penguins get their waddle?

    Q: How did penguins get their waddle?

    A: The origin of the beloved penguin waddle begins with the extinction of the dinosaurs, which killed most oceanic predators like sharks and reptiles. This allowed certain birds to dive into the water for food, and over generations their wings turned to strong flippers, their legs shrunk, and they became flightless. Eventually, their bird-like horizontal posture gave way to a vertical “standing” waddle that we recognize today.
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  • How long can penguins stay underwater?

    Q: How long can penguins stay underwater?

    A: According to information from the Antarctica government, the Emperor penguin is capable of a 22-minute underwater stay, up to a depth of 984 feet. The length of a typical stay is three to six minutes.
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  • Do penguins live in Alaska?

    Q: Do penguins live in Alaska?

    A: There are no penguins in Alaska other than in zoos. Penguins are natives of the Southern Hemisphere. The northernmost population is on the Galapagos Islands, which lie on the equator.
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  • What is a penguin's habitat?

    Q: What is a penguin's habitat?

    A: Penguin habitats are always close to ocean waters, though some live in warmer climates and some in colder ones. Penguins need to live close to water since they spend three quarters of their time there. They also hunt for squid, krill, fish and crustaceans, which are all in the water.
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  • How do penguins care for their young?

    Q: How do penguins care for their young?

    A: Penguins raise their chicks with dedication from egg to adolescence, when they are old enough to enter the water. According to Sea World, scientists believe the different coloration of penguin chicks encourages parenting behavior in adults. Both parents feed their chick, which they recognize by its call, by regurgitating food into its mouth.
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  • How many eggs do penguins lay?

    Q: How many eggs do penguins lay?

    A: A penguin usually lay two eggs per breeding cycle; however they lay them several days apart. These eggs usually hatch about a day and a half apart from each other.
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  • How fast do penguins swim?

    Q: How fast do penguins swim?

    A: Emperor penguins have an average swimming speed of 6.7 mph but have been observed swimming as fast as 8.9 mph. King and chinstrap penguin's average speed is 5.3 mph, while the fairy penguin swims much slower at only 1.6 mph.
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  • What are the predators of penguins?

    Q: What are the predators of penguins?

    A: Land predators of the various penguin species include lizards, skuas, snakes, other birds and ferrets. Water predators consist largely of killer whales, leopard seals and sharks. While penguins are now protected, humans have been known to hunt them illegally for their oil and eggs.
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  • What is a group of penguins called?

    Q: What is a group of penguins called?

    A: The name for a group of penguins varies based on whether the penguins being described are on land or at sea. "Rookery," "waddle" or "colony" are all three terms that are used in reference to a group of penguins on land, while a group of penguins floating at sea is referred to as a "raft."
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  • What are baby penguins called?

    Q: What are baby penguins called?

    A: Baby penguins are referred to as chicks. A group of penguin chicks is known as a crèche, which is the French word for crib.
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  • How do penguins communicate?

    Q: How do penguins communicate?

    A: Penguins primarily communicate vocally, but they also communicate through body language and posturing. Penguins all look virtually identical, which makes individual recognition very difficult. To overcome this, penguins have evolved different sounding voices and the ability to recognize the individual voices of their mates or chicks. This allows the birds to recognize and find their important conspecifics amid the masses, which all look the same.
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  • What do king penguins eat?

    Q: What do king penguins eat?

    A: King penguins eat squids and fish. A carnivorous animal, king penguins especially like consuming the lantern fish. However, they also dine on other species of small fish, krill and small crustaceans.
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  • What is a mother penguin called?

    Q: What is a mother penguin called?

    A: There are not exclusive names for the female penguin, but they have been called hens. Most of the time they are simply referred to as the female penguin.
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