Penguins

A:

The name for a group of penguins varies based on whether the penguins being described are on land or at sea. "Rookery," "waddle" or "colony" are all three terms that are used in reference to a group of penguins on land, while a group of penguins floating at sea is referred to as a "raft."

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  • How Fast Do Penguins Swim?

    Q: How Fast Do Penguins Swim?

    A: Emperor penguins have an average swimming speed of 6.7 mph but have been observed swimming as fast as 8.9 mph. King and chinstrap penguin's average speed is 5.3 mph, while the fairy penguin swims much slower at only 1.6 mph.
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  • How Much Do Penguins Weigh?

    Q: How Much Do Penguins Weigh?

    A: Penguins weigh from 2 to 90 pounds depending on the species of penguin and the stage of the breeding cycle. Little blue penguins, found only near Australia and New Zealand, are the smallest and weigh 2 or 3 pounds.
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  • What Are Baby Penguins Called?

    Q: What Are Baby Penguins Called?

    A: Baby penguins are referred to as chicks. A group of penguin chicks is known as a crèche, which is the French word for crib.
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  • What Are the Predators of Penguins?

    Q: What Are the Predators of Penguins?

    A: Land predators of the various penguin species include lizards, skuas, snakes, other birds and ferrets. Water predators consist largely of killer whales, leopard seals and sharks. While penguins are now protected, humans have been known to hunt them illegally for their oil and eggs.
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  • How Do Penguins Communicate?

    Q: How Do Penguins Communicate?

    A: Penguins primarily communicate vocally, but they also communicate through body language and posturing. Penguins all look virtually identical, which makes individual recognition very difficult. To overcome this, penguins have evolved different sounding voices and the ability to recognize the individual voices of their mates or chicks. This allows the birds to recognize and find their important conspecifics amid the masses, which all look the same.
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  • Do Penguins Migrate?

    Q: Do Penguins Migrate?

    A: Adult penguins migrate from breeding to feeding grounds. Some species of penguins travel long distances between rookeries and coastal feeding waters.
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  • Where Do Penguins Live?

    Q: Where Do Penguins Live?

    A: All known species of penguins live naturally in the southern hemisphere of the world. They actually occupy habitats which are located on each of the five continents within the southern hemisphere.
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  • What Is a Mother Penguin Called?

    Q: What Is a Mother Penguin Called?

    A: There are not exclusive names for the female penguin, but they have been called hens. Most of the time they are simply referred to as the female penguin.
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  • What Eats Penguins?

    Q: What Eats Penguins?

    A: The main types of predators that eat penguins are marine animals, such as leopard seals, whales and sharks. Many land animals are also a threat to penguins in Antarctica and include birds like petrels, skuas and gulls.
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  • What Eats Emperor Penguins?

    Q: What Eats Emperor Penguins?

    A: According to Encyclopedia Britannica, emperor penguins are preyed upon by killer whales, leopard seals and giant fulmars. A native of Antarctica, the emperor penguin is the largest species of penguin in the world, approaching 50 inches in length and 55 to 100 pounds in weight.
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  • What Do King Penguins Eat?

    Q: What Do King Penguins Eat?

    A: King penguins eat squids and fish. A carnivorous animal, king penguins especially like consuming the lantern fish. However, they also dine on other species of small fish, krill and small crustaceans.
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  • Who Is the Most Decorated Military Penguin?

    Q: Who Is the Most Decorated Military Penguin?

    A: Sir Nils Olav, a king penguin, was knighted in 2008 and is the official mascot and honorary Colonel-in-Chief of the Norwegian Royal Guard. He lives in Scotland’s Edinburgh Zoo, and members of the Guard usually visit the penguin when they have military duties in Scotland.
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  • How Fast Can Penguins Swim?

    Q: How Fast Can Penguins Swim?

    A: According to Falklands Conservation, penguins can swim at speeds of up to 17 mph; however, they normally average between 9 and 15 mph. Penguins can also dive further and swim faster than any other bird.
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  • What Is a Penguin's Habitat?

    Q: What Is a Penguin's Habitat?

    A: Penguin habitats are always close to ocean waters, though some live in warmer climates and some in colder ones. Penguins need to live close to water since they spend three quarters of their time there. They also hunt for squid, krill, fish and crustaceans, which are all in the water.
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  • How Long Can Penguins Stay Underwater?

    Q: How Long Can Penguins Stay Underwater?

    A: According to information from the Antarctica government, the Emperor penguin is capable of a 22-minute underwater stay, up to a depth of 984 feet. The length of a typical stay is three to six minutes.
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  • Do Penguins Lay Eggs?

    Q: Do Penguins Lay Eggs?

    A: Being members of the bird family, penguins do lay eggs when reproducing. Depending on the species of penguin, the incubation process takes anywhere from 1 to 2 months. The larger emperor penguin eggs take longer to incubate.
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  • How Do Penguins Care for Their Young?

    Q: How Do Penguins Care for Their Young?

    A: Penguins raise their chicks with dedication from egg to adolescence, when they are old enough to enter the water. According to Sea World, scientists believe the different coloration of penguin chicks encourages parenting behavior in adults. Both parents feed their chick, which they recognize by its call, by regurgitating food into its mouth.
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  • Do Penguins Live at the North Pole?

    Q: Do Penguins Live at the North Pole?

    A: Penguins do not live at the North Pole and never have. They populate only the waters and coastal areas of the Southern Hemisphere, particularly Antarctica.
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  • Where Do Penguins Sleep?

    Q: Where Do Penguins Sleep?

    A: Penguins sleep on both land and as they float at sea. It is not unusual for penguins to sleep standing up, although they also sleep laying down.
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  • What Is the Habitat of a King Penguin?

    Q: What Is the Habitat of a King Penguin?

    A: King penguins live in the sub-Antarctic region as well as the Prince Edward Islands, the Falkland Islands, Australia, New Zealand and southern Georgia. The king penguin is large in size, second only to the Emperor penguin. It can be up to 35 pounds and 3 feet tall.
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  • What Makes up a Penguin's Diet?

    Q: What Makes up a Penguin's Diet?

    A: According to About.com, penguins are carnivores with piscivorous diets, and their diet consists mainly of fish, crustaceans and cephalopods. Penguins are opportunistic feeders, and their diet is largely based on what is available seasonally and in a particular location.
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