Marine Life

A:

Starfish are eaten by sharks that live near the bottom of the ocean, such as nurse sharks, horn sharks and Port Jackson sharks. They are also preyed upon by manta rays, Alaskan king crabs and other starfish.

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  • How much does a seahorse weigh?

    Q: How much does a seahorse weigh?

    A: A seahorse can weigh anywhere from less than 1 gram to up to 2 pounds. The big belly seahorse is the largest species of this aquatic animal and typically weighs close to 2 pounds.
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  • What color are starfish?

    Q: What color are starfish?

    A: Starfish color varies depending on the species and even the presence or absence of environmental threats — most species have the ability to change color, via camouflage, to match their surroundings. Some starfish are naturally tan and dark brown, while others may be light pink or crimson red.
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  • How strong is an electric eel's shock?

    Q: How strong is an electric eel's shock?

    A: Electric eels can emit up to 600 volts of electricity. The specific electrical output is approximately 100 volts per foot of eel. An eel's shock is strong enough to electrocute a full-grown horse.
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  • What kind of predators does a sea snake have?

    Q: What kind of predators does a sea snake have?

    A: Birds of prey, sharks, large fish, eels and crocodiles are predators of the sea snake. Sea snakes live in shallow waters and breathe air using a long lung that also assists in buoyancy. Although the sea snake isn't aggressive, it produces some of the deadliest venom in the world.
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  • How do killer whales protect themselves?

    Q: How do killer whales protect themselves?

    A: Adult killer whales are top-end predators and have no need to protect themselves from natural enemies. Killer whale calves are protected by their mothers and by other members of the pods to which they belong.
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  • What are some facts about the monk seal?

    Q: What are some facts about the monk seal?

    A: As of 2014, there are two remaining species of monk seal in the world: the Hawaiian monk seal and the Mediterranean monk seal, both named for the places where they live. A third species, the Caribbean monk seal, was last sighted in 1952 and is considered extinct. Monk seals are unusual in that, unlike most other seals, they prefer a warmer climate with temperate waters and sandy beaches.
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  • What do bottle nose dolphins eat?

    Q: What do bottle nose dolphins eat?

    A: Coastal bottlenose dolphins prefer bottom-dwelling fish and invertebrates, while offshore dolphins eat a variety of fish and squid. More ingenious feeders have been known to trail fishing boats, in the hopes of snagging some leftovers.
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  • What are the differences between sponges and cnidarians?

    Q: What are the differences between sponges and cnidarians?

    A: Cnidarians have groups of similar cells that work together as tissues, while sponges have no tissues, only disconnected regions of specialized cells. Each group has a type of cell unique to their group: Sponges have collar cells, and cnidarians have nematocysts. No sponges are capable of movement as adults, while some cnidarians move as adults.
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  • What are some tips for seashell identification?

    Q: What are some tips for seashell identification?

    A: Seashells can often be identified by their shape, size, color and habitat, but since there are at least 100,000 species of mollusks, a printed or online identification guide can help. Seashell identification guides provide photographs for comparison, taxonomic details and clues to help differentiate between similar species.
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  • What endangered species are in the ocean biome?

    Q: What endangered species are in the ocean biome?

    A: There are numerous endangered species in the ocean, many of which are whales and turtles. Some notable examples are the blue whale, sperm whale, Kemp's ridley turtle and hawksbill turtle. There are also some plants listed as endangered ocean species.
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  • What is a group of stingrays called?

    Q: What is a group of stingrays called?

    A: A group of stingrays is called a fever. Stingrays normally travel in groups to hunt but are also known to travel individually and in pairs.
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  • What is a narwhal?

    Q: What is a narwhal?

    A: Found in Arctic waters, the narwhal is related to the bottlenose dolphin, beluga, porpoise and orca. It is easily distinguishable by the sword-like spiralling tusk that grows through the upper lip of the male. The male's tusk can grow up to 8.8 feet in length although the female grows a much smaller tusk. The narwhal grows anywhere between 13 to 20 feet and weighs up to 3500 pounds.
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  • How long do clams live?

    Q: How long do clams live?

    A: Of the 15,000 species of bivalves known as clams, some have life cycles of only one year. Individuals of one species called the ocean quahog, or Arctica islandica, however, are among the oldest living animals on Earth, with one captured specimen measured to be more than 500 years of age.
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  • What is a baby whale called?

    Q: What is a baby whale called?

    A: A baby whale is called a calf, its mother is a cow and its father is a bull. Because whales are mammals, they give birth to their live babies and nurse them in infancy. A calf lives in the mother's uterus during gestation and is fed through an umbilical cord.
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  • How does a whale shark protect itself?

    Q: How does a whale shark protect itself?

    A: A whale shark protects itself with its enormous size and its skin of up to 6 inches in thickness. The whale shark grows very quickly. It is a filterfeeding species of shark.
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  • How do dolphins use echolocation?

    Q: How do dolphins use echolocation?

    A: Dolphins use echolocation for communicating with one another and for locating objects in their surrounding environments. Regardless of whether dolphins use echolocation for social purposes, such as communication, or for finding and avoiding obstacles, the mechanism of echolocation uses the same techniques. Dolphins generate beams or waves of clicking sounds, then pause to wait for a response, either from another dolphin or from an object.
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  • What are the characteristics of a dwarf crayfish?

    Q: What are the characteristics of a dwarf crayfish?

    A: Dwarf crayfish usually grow to 1.5 to 2 inches in length. In the wild, they are brown or gray with brown or blue tints, but a selectively bred bright-orange variety is popular in the aquarium market. Dwarf crayfish thrive in small tanks by themselves or in large tanks with other fish. They are omnivores and eat a variety of plant and animal life.
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  • What is the biggest animal in the ocean?

    Q: What is the biggest animal in the ocean?

    A: The biggest animal in the ocean, and possibly the largest animal ever to live on Earth, is the blue whale. The maximum recorded weight for a 98-foot blue whale exceeded 209 tons. Longer whales, up to 110 feet, have been seen but not weighed.
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  • What do sea sponges eat?

    Q: What do sea sponges eat?

    A: Most sea sponges are detrivorous, meaning they consume organic debris and various microbes that drift through ocean currents. Harp sponges, however, are carnivorous and use hooks located on their arms to catch shrimp and other small animals.
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  • How do lobsters breathe?

    Q: How do lobsters breathe?

    A: Lobsters breathe through gills, which are located in a structure called the carapace. The carapace is situated at the top of the cephalothorax, which is commonly referred to as the lobster’s head. There are 20 pairs of gills that are separated into two branchial chambers inside the carapace. The gills are made up of short, fine filaments that absorb oxygen directly from the water.
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  • What is a narwhal's habitat?

    Q: What is a narwhal's habitat?

    A: Narwhals live in the Arctic Ocean in the areas near Russia and the Atlantic Ocean. They have been found as far east as eastern Russia and as far south as Greenland.
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