Marine Life

A:

A fish has a heart, which acts as the center of its circulatory system, pumping blood throughout the body and transporting vital nutrients and oxygen to cells. The size, placement and strength of a fish's heart differs between species.

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  • What endangered species are in the ocean biome?

    Q: What endangered species are in the ocean biome?

    A: There are numerous endangered species in the ocean, many of which are whales and turtles. Some notable examples are the blue whale, sperm whale, Kemp's ridley turtle and hawksbill turtle. There are also some plants listed as endangered ocean species.
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  • What do seahorses eat?

    Q: What do seahorses eat?

    A: Seahorses feed on small crustaceans. Some of the favorites for seashores are shrimp and zooplankton, though they will eat nearly any live food.
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  • What is the biggest animal in the ocean?

    Q: What is the biggest animal in the ocean?

    A: The biggest animal in the ocean, and possibly the largest animal ever to live on Earth, is the blue whale. The maximum recorded weight for a 98-foot blue whale exceeded 209 tons. Longer whales, up to 110 feet, have been seen but not weighed.
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  • How do starfish reproduce?

    Q: How do starfish reproduce?

    A: Starfish, or sea stars, can reproduce sexually or asexually. During sexual reproduction, the male and female release sperm and eggs into the environment, resulting in fertilized free-swimming embryos. During asexual reproduction, a part of the arm and central disk detach from the parent and develop into an individual sea star.
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  • What are the differences between dolphins and porpoises?

    Q: What are the differences between dolphins and porpoises?

    A: A dolphin's slimmer body, beak-like nose and curved fins distinguish it from the porpoise's stout build, rounded face and triangular fins, according to the National Ocean Service. Although they are different species, dolphins and porpoises both belong to order Cetacea. Approximately 32 dolphin species have been discovered, while only six known porpoise species exist.
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  • How many dolphins are left in the world?

    Q: How many dolphins are left in the world?

    A: It is impossible to estimate the total dolphin population. There are 42 species of dolphin spanning many different regions. Some species' populations are known but no one has estimated the total for all dolphins.
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  • What is a group of stingrays called?

    Q: What is a group of stingrays called?

    A: A group of stingrays is called a fever. Stingrays normally travel in groups to hunt but are also known to travel individually and in pairs.
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  • What do sand dollars eat?

    Q: What do sand dollars eat?

    A: Sand dollars eat tiny bits of organic material they find on the sea floor. Sand dollars are echinoderms, which means they have spines. They get the name "sand dollar" because their skeletons look like large coins when they wash up on the beach.
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  • How long do crayfish live?

    Q: How long do crayfish live?

    A: According to Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks, the average lifespan of crayfish is between two and three years. These crustaceans tend to grow to 3 or 4 inches long in Montana but have been known to grow up to 16 inches long in southern states.
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  • Why do seashells sound like the ocean?

    Q: Why do seashells sound like the ocean?

    A: When you put a seashell to your ear you are not hearing the ocean, you are hearing the ambient noise coming from inside your ear and around you. The seashell captures and amplifies the noise, which resonates inside the shell and sounds like the rolling waves of the ocean. This effect is called seashell resonance.
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  • How do animals communicate underwater?

    Q: How do animals communicate underwater?

    A: According to Discovery of Sound in the Sea, animals use sound to communicate underwater. They emit different types of sounds and gather information on their surroundings by the echoes from those sounds, a process called echolocation.
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  • What are some facts about the monk seal?

    Q: What are some facts about the monk seal?

    A: As of 2014, there are two remaining species of monk seal in the world: the Hawaiian monk seal and the Mediterranean monk seal, both named for the places where they live. A third species, the Caribbean monk seal, was last sighted in 1952 and is considered extinct. Monk seals are unusual in that, unlike most other seals, they prefer a warmer climate with temperate waters and sandy beaches.
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  • How does a whale shark protect itself?

    Q: How does a whale shark protect itself?

    A: A whale shark protects itself with its enormous size and its skin of up to 6 inches in thickness. The whale shark grows very quickly. It is a filterfeeding species of shark.
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  • What are some facts about green sea turtles?

    Q: What are some facts about green sea turtles?

    A: A Green Turtle is an endangered, herbivore reptile. It can be found in tropical and sub tropical habitats. Its name derives from the green color of its skin and not the color of its shell, which is usually brown or olive. On average, it lives to be over 80 years old in the wild. Also, it can grow up to 5 feet long and weigh up to 700 pounds.
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  • How long can a leopard seal hold its breath?

    Q: How long can a leopard seal hold its breath?

    A: According to National Geographic, a leopard seal can hold its breath for up to 10 minutes. This is due to an adaptation that allows the seal to store an extremely large amount of oxygen within the blood and muscles, about three times as much as humans based on weight.
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  • How many whales are left in the world?

    Q: How many whales are left in the world?

    A: The best estimates from the International Whaling Commission indicate that there are roughly 1.7 million whales in the world. However, it is impossible to count the number of whales or any other ocean-dwelling creature accurately, and thus, the real number of whales in the world may be significantly lower or higher than this figure.
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  • Can you eat barracuda?

    Q: Can you eat barracuda?

    A: The flesh of the barracuda sometimes carries the toxin ciguatera, although it is regularly eaten by humans. Symptoms of ciguatera poisoning include nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Neurological symptoms, such as headaches, paresthesia and vertigo, often follow. Scarce treatment options exist for ciguatera poisoning, although recovery is possible in time.
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  • How long do clams live?

    Q: How long do clams live?

    A: Of the 15,000 species of bivalves known as clams, some have life cycles of only one year. Individuals of one species called the ocean quahog, or Arctica islandica, however, are among the oldest living animals on Earth, with one captured specimen measured to be more than 500 years of age.
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  • How much food does a baby seahorse eat a day?

    Q: How much food does a baby seahorse eat a day?

    A: Like adult seahorses, seahorse babies, which are also known as fry, eat a lot of food in a single day; these tiny creatures can eat as much as 3,000 pieces of food a day. As adults, seahorses will typically eat on no fewer than 30 occasions per day, with as many as 50 eating episodes taking place in a 24-hour period. This voracious appetite is related to the fact that the seahorse has no stomach and has a digestive system that has been described as inefficient, meaning this sea creature must eat a lot in order to stay properly nourished.
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  • How do you care for mantis shrimp?

    Q: How do you care for mantis shrimp?

    A: About.com points out that it is easy to care for mantis shrimp, as they are very low-maintenance pets; they require a small amount of food and a clean aquatic habitat. The mantis shrimp prefers live food but eats dead food as well, including bits of shrimp, mussel, squid and snail. The shrimp does not need to be fed more than twice a week.
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  • What is a narwhal's habitat?

    Q: What is a narwhal's habitat?

    A: Narwhals live in the Arctic Ocean in the areas near Russia and the Atlantic Ocean. They have been found as far east as eastern Russia and as far south as Greenland.
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