Large Cats

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As of 2014, there are approximately 23,000 lions in the world. Lions live primarily in open grassland and woodland areas in sub-Saharan Africa. Lions are susceptible to extinction as they continue to lose their natural habitats.

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  • Do Tigers Live in the Jungle?

    Q: Do Tigers Live in the Jungle?

    A: Both the Bengal and Sumatran tiger subspecies live in jungles. Tigers live in a broad range of habitats that also include mangrove swamps, grasslands, savannas, evergreen forests and even high-altitude rocky mountains.
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  • What Is a Sabertooth Lion?

    Q: What Is a Sabertooth Lion?

    A: A sabertooth lion, also known as a Smilodon, is a prehistoric animal often referred to as a sabertooth tiger. Smilodons became extinct approximately 10,000 years ago, although fossil discoveries show that they lived lives that were similar to the lions of today.
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  • Where Is the Asiatic Lion in the Food Chain?

    Q: Where Is the Asiatic Lion in the Food Chain?

    A: The Asiatic lion, like its African relative, is an apex predator and has no enemies aside from man. The Asiatic lion is endangered and exists as a single population within the Gir National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary of Gujarat, India, although its previous territory covered much of Asia.
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  • What Do Bobcat Screams Sound Like?

    Q: What Do Bobcat Screams Sound Like?

    A: Bobcat screams are said to sound like a woman screaming. In addition to screaming, bobcats can hiss, growl, snarl, yowl and meow like a cat.
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  • Who Will Win in a Liger Versus a Lion Fight?

    Q: Who Will Win in a Liger Versus a Lion Fight?

    A: The enormous size advantage a liger has over even the largest lion is likely to be the deciding factor in a hypothetical encounter between the two species. Ligers can grow to over 12 feet in length and weigh more than 1,000 pounds, while lions rarely approach 500 pounds in weight.
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  • What Is Included in a Cheetah's Diet?

    Q: What Is Included in a Cheetah's Diet?

    A: In the wild a cheetah's diet consists primarily of small, hoofed mammals such as impalas, gazelles and young wildebeest. Cheetahs prey on birds, hares, rabbits, warthogs and antelopes, according to the Conservation Institute. Since water is scarce in the regions where cheetahs live, they have developed the ability to survive for up to four days on a single drink.
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  • What Is a Group of Lions Called?

    Q: What Is a Group of Lions Called?

    A: A group of mostly female lions is called a pride, and a group of male lions is called a coalition. The pride contains female lions and their young offspring, and usually has fewer than 20 members. A coalition of male lions usually includes less than 10 individuals.
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  • What Is the Comparison of the Mountain Lion Versus the Cougar?

    Q: What Is the Comparison of the Mountain Lion Versus the Cougar?

    A: Mountain lion and cougar are interchangeable terms for the same animal, which is known to scientists as Puma concolor. Many other common names are also applied to these cats, such as puma and panther. Historically, mountain lions were found in areas ranging from Canada to Argentina, but they have been extirpated in most of these areas and are currently only present in remote, mountainous regions.
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  • Why Are Tigers at Risk of Extinction?

    Q: Why Are Tigers at Risk of Extinction?

    A: Tigers are at risk of extinction due to poaching for illegal wildlife markets, habitat loss and fragmentation, conflict with humans in close proximity and rising sea levels due to climate change. As of 2014, there are only 3,000 to 3,500 tigers of any species left in the wild. The South China tiger is one of the world's most endangered animals, and three species of tiger are already extinct.
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  • Where Do Wild Black Panthers Live?

    Q: Where Do Wild Black Panthers Live?

    A: Black panthers are found in many parts of the world. They are not a specific species. Black panthers are larger cats such as leopards, pumas or jaguars that happen to be black instead of the species' more common coloration.
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  • What Eats the Asiatic Lion?

    Q: What Eats the Asiatic Lion?

    A: Adult Asiatic lions are apex predators and have no natural enemies. The 300 surviving lions in the Gir Forest of India are threatened by poaching, lack of suitable habitat and disease.
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  • How Fast Can a Lion Run?

    Q: How Fast Can a Lion Run?

    A: Lions can run at top speeds of 50 miles per hour. Lionesses are faster than male lions, and they do most of the hunting for the pride.
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  • Why Are Leopards Endangered?

    Q: Why Are Leopards Endangered?

    A: Leopards are endangered mainly due to over-hunting and habitat loss. Their fur was prized as a very valuable commodity in the 1960s and 1970s, and livestock farmers drive them away from their natural habitat.
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  • What Are a Lion's Eating Habits?

    Q: What Are a Lion's Eating Habits?

    A: Lions mainly feed on large ungulates such as wildebeest, buffaloes, zebras, warthogs and various species of antelope. Sometimes lions hunt hippopotamuses, young elephants and baboons. Lions often feed on carrion, driving other predators such as hyenas away from their prey. Occasionally, lions become man-eaters when they are injured or old or when other prey is unavailable.
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  • Can a Lion Beat a Tiger in a Fight?

    Q: Can a Lion Beat a Tiger in a Fight?

    A: It is definitely possible for a lion to beat a tiger in a fight. However, the tiger has often proved victorious throughout history — lions and tigers were used as a form of entertainment by the Romans, who pitted them against each other in the Colosseum.
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  • What Makes up a Lion's Diet?

    Q: What Makes up a Lion's Diet?

    A: According to Out of Africa, lions eat a carnivorous diet consisting of wildebeests, zebras, buffaloes, elephants, rhinos, hippos and giraffes. Lions also eat mice, lizards, tortoises, warthogs, antelopes and crocodiles. They often eat scavenged food when they take over kills made by hyenas, cheetahs and leopards.
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  • How Many White Tigers Are Left in the World?

    Q: How Many White Tigers Are Left in the World?

    A: Estimates suggest there are only about 200 white tigers left in the world. White tigers are not a species separate from other tiger species, but are, instead, genetic anomalies.
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  • What Color Eyes Do Baby Tigers Have?

    Q: What Color Eyes Do Baby Tigers Have?

    A: While newborn tigers are born with closed eyes, when the eyes do open, which typically happens about 10 days after the tiger is born, their eyes are blue. Most tigers lose this coloring as they age, though some tigers, such as white tigers, can have blue eyes into adulthood. For those adult tigers whose eyes do not retain their blue hue past infancy, this iris is typically a golden yellow color.
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  • What Color Are a Lion's Eyes?

    Q: What Color Are a Lion's Eyes?

    A: Lions have amber-colored eyes. The Feline Conservation Federation notes that even white lions, whose fur lacks the typical lion's pigment, have a pale amber eye color.
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  • Why Do Leopards Have Spots?

    Q: Why Do Leopards Have Spots?

    A: The alternating dark and light patches on the coat of a leopard help to break up the outline of its body, allowing it to camouflage itself better in the grasslands or forest and hunt more effectively. It works on the principle of disruptive coloration, also exhibited by tigers and zebras. UCSB theorizes that the original gene that caused the spots on a leopard's coat may have been a mutation.
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  • How Long Do Tigers Live?

    Q: How Long Do Tigers Live?

    A: In the wild, tigers live eight to 10 years, although some live for 15 or 20 years. In captivity, they live as long as 26 years.
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