The scientific name for a black panther is Panthera pardus. The animal belongs to the kingdom Animalia, the phylum Cordata and the class Mammalia. Black panthers are in the order Carnivora, the family Felidae and the genus Panthera.
A:Lion populations are decreasing because they are being squeezed out of their natural habitat by humans and livestock. Although there are only 32,000 to 35,000 lions in the world, as of January 2014, the animal is still not considered endangered. However, some conservationists have declared that the West African lion is gravely endangered.
A:Lions live together in prides and hunt in groups at night, stalking and encircling prey until one of the hunters is close enough to pounce, according to HowStuffWorks. Lionesses make up most hunting groups and often trap prey with their strong jaws.
A:Most tiger subspecies can climb trees. However, their large size and weight, in addition to their paws, which evolved for long-distance travelling and bringing down large prey, prevent tigers from being as proficient at climbing trees as many other big cat species, such as the leopard.
A:Mountain lion and cougar are interchangeable terms for the same animal, which is known to scientists as Puma concolor. Many other common names are also applied to these cats, such as puma and panther. Historically, mountain lions were found in areas ranging from Canada to Argentina, but they have been extirpated in most of these areas and are currently only present in remote, mountainous regions.
A:Lions protect themselves with their intimidating size, sharp teeth and sharp claws. They also live in social groups called "prides," which give them the protection of numbers. When they are threatened while feeding by a large group of predators, such as spotted hyenas, they sometimes protect themselves by yielding and allowing the hyenas to steal the kill.
A:According to Lion Alert, lions have a well-developed sense of smell. All cat species are born with an olfactory organ on the roof of their mouths, referred to as a Jacobson's organ, that allows for accurate detection of prey, as well as potential mates.
A:Tigers are at risk of extinction due to poaching for illegal wildlife markets, habitat loss and fragmentation, conflict with humans in close proximity and rising sea levels due to climate change. As of 2014, there are only 3,000 to 3,500 tigers of any species left in the wild. The South China tiger is one of the world's most endangered animals, and three species of tiger are already extinct.
A:It is definitely possible for a lion to beat a tiger in a fight. However, the tiger has often proved victorious throughout history — lions and tigers were used as a form of entertainment by the Romans, who pitted them against each other in the Colosseum.
A:Both the Bengal and Sumatran tiger subspecies live in jungles. Tigers live in a broad range of habitats that also include mangrove swamps, grasslands, savannas, evergreen forests and even high-altitude rocky mountains.
A:Baby cougars are often called cubs, and they are sometimes referred to as kittens. They remain with their mother for the first two years of life. It's during this two-year period that cubs learn to hunt and survive on their own.
A:While seven subspecies of cheetah have been identified, five subspecies are considered valid by most taxonomists. These are Acinonyx jubatus venaticus, Acinonyx jubatus hecki, Acinonyx jubatus soemmeringii, Acinonyx jubatus raineyii and Acinonyx jubatus raddei.
A:Bobcats defend themselves using their retractable claws, which do not show up in their tracks, according to the National Trappers Association. These claws extend as they climb trees, catch prey or defend themselves from predators, such as mountain lions, wolves and male bobcats.
A:Tigers are carnivorous animals that eat a wide range of animals depending on the habitat of the tigers and the availability of food. Often this means that tigers feed on deer and buffalo or even snakes.
A:Natural predators of adult bobcats include cougars, gray wolves, coyotes and large golden eagles. Foxes, eagles and owls prey upon bobcat kittens. In addition, adult male bobcats have been known to prey upon their own young.
A:Cougars, also known by their scientific name of Puma concolor, are native to both North and South America. Rather than having one set biome, cougars are able to thrive in a variety of climates and environments.
A:Cheetahs are better natural hunters than lions because of their speed and dexterity, which give them a 50 percent success rate when hunting, as opposed to the 20 percent success rate of the slower lion. Lions will frequently use their size and power to steal prey from smaller predators like cheetahs, leopards, hyenas and African wild dogs.
A:Tigers are camouflage animals because their striped fur blends in with their natural habitat, making it easier to stalk and ambush prey. Dark stripes on pale fur break up their outline as they lie in wait for their prey.
A:Ligers, products of the mating between a male lion and a tigress, live only in captivity. This is largely because the behaviors and habitats of lions and tigers differ. Ligers typically grow larger than either parent, with some individuals weighing over 1,000 pounds.