Large Cats

A:

The scientific name for a black panther is Panthera pardus. The animal belongs to the kingdom Animalia, the phylum Cordata and the class Mammalia. Black panthers are in the order Carnivora, the family Felidae and the genus Panthera.

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  • Why are lions endangered?

    Q: Why are lions endangered?

    A: Lion populations are decreasing because they are being squeezed out of their natural habitat by humans and livestock. Although there are only 32,000 to 35,000 lions in the world, as of January 2014, the animal is still not considered endangered. However, some conservationists have declared that the West African lion is gravely endangered.
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  • How do lions hunt?

    Q: How do lions hunt?

    A: Lions live together in prides and hunt in groups at night, stalking and encircling prey until one of the hunters is close enough to pounce, according to HowStuffWorks. Lionesses make up most hunting groups and often trap prey with their strong jaws.
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  • What is the maximum speed of a leopard?

    Q: What is the maximum speed of a leopard?

    A: The highest speed that a leopard can reach is 60 kilometers or 37 miles per hour. Differences in height and weight can cause a leopard's maximum speed to be less.
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  • Can tigers climb trees?

    Q: Can tigers climb trees?

    A: Most tiger subspecies can climb trees. However, their large size and weight, in addition to their paws, which evolved for long-distance travelling and bringing down large prey, prevent tigers from being as proficient at climbing trees as many other big cat species, such as the leopard.
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  • What is the comparison of the mountain lion versus the cougar?

    Q: What is the comparison of the mountain lion versus the cougar?

    A: Mountain lion and cougar are interchangeable terms for the same animal, which is known to scientists as Puma concolor. Many other common names are also applied to these cats, such as puma and panther. Historically, mountain lions were found in areas ranging from Canada to Argentina, but they have been extirpated in most of these areas and are currently only present in remote, mountainous regions.
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  • How do lions protect themselves?

    Q: How do lions protect themselves?

    A: Lions protect themselves with their intimidating size, sharp teeth and sharp claws. They also live in social groups called "prides," which give them the protection of numbers. When they are threatened while feeding by a large group of predators, such as spotted hyenas, they sometimes protect themselves by yielding and allowing the hyenas to steal the kill.
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  • Does a lion have a good sense of smell?

    Q: Does a lion have a good sense of smell?

    A: According to Lion Alert, lions have a well-developed sense of smell. All cat species are born with an olfactory organ on the roof of their mouths, referred to as a Jacobson's organ, that allows for accurate detection of prey, as well as potential mates.
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  • Why are tigers at risk of extinction?

    Q: Why are tigers at risk of extinction?

    A: Tigers are at risk of extinction due to poaching for illegal wildlife markets, habitat loss and fragmentation, conflict with humans in close proximity and rising sea levels due to climate change. As of 2014, there are only 3,000 to 3,500 tigers of any species left in the wild. The South China tiger is one of the world's most endangered animals, and three species of tiger are already extinct.
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  • Can a lion beat a tiger in a fight?

    Q: Can a lion beat a tiger in a fight?

    A: It is definitely possible for a lion to beat a tiger in a fight. However, the tiger has often proved victorious throughout history — lions and tigers were used as a form of entertainment by the Romans, who pitted them against each other in the Colosseum.
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  • Do tigers live in the jungle?

    Q: Do tigers live in the jungle?

    A: Both the Bengal and Sumatran tiger subspecies live in jungles. Tigers live in a broad range of habitats that also include mangrove swamps, grasslands, savannas, evergreen forests and even high-altitude rocky mountains.
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  • What is a baby cougar called?

    Q: What is a baby cougar called?

    A: Baby cougars are often called cubs, and they are sometimes referred to as kittens. They remain with their mother for the first two years of life. It's during this two-year period that cubs learn to hunt and survive on their own.
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  • What are types of cheetahs?

    Q: What are types of cheetahs?

    A: While seven subspecies of cheetah have been identified, five subspecies are considered valid by most taxonomists. These are Acinonyx jubatus venaticus, Acinonyx jubatus hecki, Acinonyx jubatus soemmeringii, Acinonyx jubatus raineyii and Acinonyx jubatus raddei.
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  • How does the bobcat defend itself?

    Q: How does the bobcat defend itself?

    A: Bobcats defend themselves using their retractable claws, which do not show up in their tracks, according to the National Trappers Association. These claws extend as they climb trees, catch prey or defend themselves from predators, such as mountain lions, wolves and male bobcats.
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  • What do tigers eat?

    Q: What do tigers eat?

    A: Tigers are carnivorous animals that eat a wide range of animals depending on the habitat of the tigers and the availability of food. Often this means that tigers feed on deer and buffalo or even snakes.
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  • What animals are natural predators of the bobcat?

    Q: What animals are natural predators of the bobcat?

    A: Natural predators of adult bobcats include cougars, gray wolves, coyotes and large golden eagles. Foxes, eagles and owls prey upon bobcat kittens. In addition, adult male bobcats have been known to prey upon their own young.
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  • How much do leopards eat in a day?

    Q: How much do leopards eat in a day?

    A: The amount of food leopards eat in a day varies. Typically, leopards prey on fish, reptiles, crabs, carcasses, rodents, insects, hares, baboons, warthogs and antelopes.
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  • What biome does a cougar live in?

    Q: What biome does a cougar live in?

    A: Cougars, also known by their scientific name of Puma concolor, are native to both North and South America. Rather than having one set biome, cougars are able to thrive in a variety of climates and environments.
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  • Of the cheetah and the lion, which animal has the best hunting technique?

    Q: Of the cheetah and the lion, which animal has the best hunting technique?

    A: Cheetahs are better natural hunters than lions because of their speed and dexterity, which give them a 50 percent success rate when hunting, as opposed to the 20 percent success rate of the slower lion. Lions will frequently use their size and power to steal prey from smaller predators like cheetahs, leopards, hyenas and African wild dogs.
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  • Do mountain lions climb trees?

    Q: Do mountain lions climb trees?

    A: Mountain lions climb trees. These big cats spend most of their time on the ground but have been known to easily scale a tree, especially when trying to escape a threat.
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  • Why are tigers camouflage animals?

    Q: Why are tigers camouflage animals?

    A: Tigers are camouflage animals because their striped fur blends in with their natural habitat, making it easier to stalk and ambush prey. Dark stripes on pale fur break up their outline as they lie in wait for their prey.
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  • Where do ligers live?

    Q: Where do ligers live?

    A: Ligers, products of the mating between a male lion and a tigress, live only in captivity. This is largely because the behaviors and habitats of lions and tigers differ. Ligers typically grow larger than either parent, with some individuals weighing over 1,000 pounds.
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