Jellyfish

A:

Jellyfish swim by opening and closing a part of their body called the bell, which is the transparent, sack like part of their body that the tentacles hang from. The bell catches water when it opens and ejects it when it closes, propelling the jellyfish forward.

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  • What kinds of food do jellyfish eat?

    Q: What kinds of food do jellyfish eat?

    A: Jellyfish are opportunistic carnivores that will eat almost anything they come across. Smaller jellyfish consume plankton, larger ones eat fish eggs, crustaceans and snails, and the very largest jellyfish can catch and eat whole fish. Jellyfish can also be cannibalistic.
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  • What do moon jellyfish eat?

    Q: What do moon jellyfish eat?

    A: Moon jellyfish primarily eat planktonic crustaceans, but they also eat other small plankton including molluscs, fish eggs and smaller jellyfish. They catch their food with sticky mucus that lines the underside of their bells and then direct it into their four stomach pouches with their tentacles.
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  • What are jellyfish made of?

    Q: What are jellyfish made of?

    A: Jellyfish are made of 95 percent water and 5 percent solid matter. The solid matter is composed of three layers: the epidermis is the outer layer, the mesoglea or the jelly is the middle layer and the gastrodermis is the inner layer.
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  • Can you get a pet jellyfish for kids?

    Q: Can you get a pet jellyfish for kids?

    A: Non-poisonous jellyfish, such as Moon jellyfish and Blue Blubber jellyfish, are widely available and appropriate as pets for children. Pet jellyfish for kids require a special aquarium and fish-specific diets.
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  • How does a jellyfish move?

    Q: How does a jellyfish move?

    A: Jellyfish move by floating with the ocean's currents, jet propulsion or by using cilia. Jellyfish typically move deep in the water, though some move in shallow water. Man-o'-wars float on top of the water.
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  • How do jellyfish swim?

    Q: How do jellyfish swim?

    A: Jellyfish swim by opening and closing a part of their body called the bell, which is the transparent, sack like part of their body that the tentacles hang from. The bell catches water when it opens and ejects it when it closes, propelling the jellyfish forward.
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  • What are the body parts of a jellyfish?

    Q: What are the body parts of a jellyfish?

    A: A jellyfish's body is made up mainly of water, along with a jelly-like substance called mesoglea, tentacles, a mouth and a thin layer of skin. Its body is around 90 percent water and its skin is only one cell thick.
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  • How are jellyfish scientifically classified?

    Q: How are jellyfish scientifically classified?

    A: Jellyfish are animals of the phylum Cnidaria, class Scyphozoa, order Semaeostomeae and family Cyaneidae. The phylum Cnidaria is an incredibly ancient group of invertebrate animals, stretching back hundreds of millions of years. Jellyfish are among the oldest types of multicellular animals. True jellyfish have a number of distinguishing characteristics by which they are classified.
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  • What is the jellyfish's habitat?

    Q: What is the jellyfish's habitat?

    A: Jellyfish are found in all of the Earth's oceans, including the very deep sea, as well as shallow saltwater lakes. Various jellyfish species have a wide range of living preferences, with some preferring arctic waters, and others preferring warmer tropical waters. There are animals called hydrozoans that are closely related to jellyfish and live in freshwater lakes.
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  • What are some predators of the jellyfish?

    Q: What are some predators of the jellyfish?

    A: Some predators of the jellyfish include other jellyfish, sunfish, some sea turtles and humans. Occasionally birds and other fish will bite around the non-venomous inner tissue of the jellyfish, dodging the outer tentacles altogether.
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  • What is a red jellyfish?

    Q: What is a red jellyfish?

    A: The red jellyfish, Tiburonia granrojo, is a large, predatory species of jellyfish living deep in the Pacific Ocean. Dark red in color, it grows to 2 to 3 feet in diameter and has a fleshy appearance.
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  • Are jellyfish carnivores, herbivores or omnivores?

    Q: Are jellyfish carnivores, herbivores or omnivores?

    A: Jellyfish are carnivores and excellent predators. They sting with tentacles to subdue small aquatic fish, and eat the eggs and invertebrates that stick to their tentacles.
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  • Where do box jellyfish live?

    Q: Where do box jellyfish live?

    A: According to National Geographic, box jellyfish, also called sea wasps, live off the coastal waters of Northern Australia and throughout the Indo-Pacific. Box jellyfish also are frequently found off the coasts of Vietnam, Hawaii and the Philippines.
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  • Q: How long do jellyfish live?

    A: Most species of jellyfish live for less than one year. Some smaller species may only live for a few days. However, a type of jellyfish called Turritopsis is technically immortal, as it can age backwards into a polyp form and then produce hundreds of genetically identical adult forms.
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  • Q: Where does the cabbage head jellyfish live?

    A: The cabbage-head jellyfish, more commonly known as the cannonball jellyfish, lives in warm, temperate estuary waters around the world. They are commonly found along the North American Atlantic seaboard, but also live in areas of the Pacific.
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  • Q: When is jellyfish season in the Gulf of Mexico?

    A: Jellyfish season occurs during the summer months when the nettle, moon and Australian jellyfish invade thousands of square miles of the Gulf of Mexico. The jellyfish are proliferate in an area called the Dead Zone, where polluted water from the Mississippi River pours into the Gulf of Mexico and allows for few things to survive other than jellyfish.
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  • Q: How many babies do jellyfish have?

    A: Jellyfish release thousands of larvae that settle on the ocean floor and turn into polyps that become baby jellyfish. Male jellyfish release sperm into the water and the sperm either fertilizes eggs that the female releases into the water or enter through the female's mouth and fertilize her eggs.
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  • Q: Where do jellyfish live?

    A: There are many different species of jellyfish and most of these, including the moon jellyfish, live in the world's oceans. Jellyfish species were not originally found all over the world's oceans, but they were moved around by accident over many years by ships.
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  • Q: How do jellyfish survive in the ocean waters?

    A: Most jellyfish survive in the ocean by allowing themselves to be carried by the current. Though all jellyfish can contract their muscles enough to swim, even a mild current can overwhelm most of them. Jellyfish have no brain or central nervous system, and they have no blood. Some types of jellyfish lie upside down on the seabed, and others cling to seaweed.
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  • What is the habitat of the jellyfish?

    Q: What is the habitat of the jellyfish?

    A: Jellyfish can be found in oceans throughout the world, and some even live in saltwater lakes. In general, jellyfish prefer the warm temperatures of tropical waters, although there are a few species that dwell in cold or even frigid waters in the Arctic and Antarctic.
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  • How do you make a jellyfish tank?

    Q: How do you make a jellyfish tank?

    A: Although there are several approaches to making a jellyfish tank, the most straightforward method involves modifying the filtration system of an existing home aquarium. The required supplies are a 5-gallon aquarium with lid light, an under-gravel filter plate with modular air tube, rigid filter tubing, 7 pounds of glass aquarium substrate beads, a small air pump, distilled water and a bag of seawater aquarium salt mix.
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