Jellyfish

A:

Jellyfish are animals of the phylum Cnidaria, class Scyphozoa, order Semaeostomeae and family Cyaneidae. The phylum Cnidaria is an incredibly ancient group of invertebrate animals, stretching back hundreds of millions of years. Jellyfish are among the oldest types of multicellular animals. True jellyfish have a number of distinguishing characteristics by which they are classified.

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  • What are some predators of the jellyfish?

    Q: What are some predators of the jellyfish?

    A: Some predators of the jellyfish include other jellyfish, sunfish, some sea turtles and humans. Occasionally birds and other fish will bite around the non-venomous inner tissue of the jellyfish, dodging the outer tentacles altogether.
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  • What do moon jellyfish eat?

    Q: What do moon jellyfish eat?

    A: Moon jellyfish primarily eat planktonic crustaceans, but they also eat other small plankton including molluscs, fish eggs and smaller jellyfish. They catch their food with sticky mucus that lines the underside of their bells and then direct it into their four stomach pouches with their tentacles.
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  • What is the jellyfish's habitat?

    Q: What is the jellyfish's habitat?

    A: Jellyfish are found in all of the Earth's oceans, including the very deep sea, as well as shallow saltwater lakes. Various jellyfish species have a wide range of living preferences, with some preferring arctic waters, and others preferring warmer tropical waters. There are animals called hydrozoans that are closely related to jellyfish and live in freshwater lakes.
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  • How are jellyfish scientifically classified?

    Q: How are jellyfish scientifically classified?

    A: Jellyfish are animals of the phylum Cnidaria, class Scyphozoa, order Semaeostomeae and family Cyaneidae. The phylum Cnidaria is an incredibly ancient group of invertebrate animals, stretching back hundreds of millions of years. Jellyfish are among the oldest types of multicellular animals. True jellyfish have a number of distinguishing characteristics by which they are classified.
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  • How does a jellyfish move?

    Q: How does a jellyfish move?

    A: Jellyfish move by floating with the ocean's currents, jet propulsion or by using cilia. Jellyfish typically move deep in the water, though some move in shallow water. Man-o'-wars float on top of the water.
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  • Can you get a pet jellyfish for kids?

    Q: Can you get a pet jellyfish for kids?

    A: Non-poisonous jellyfish, such as Moon jellyfish and Blue Blubber jellyfish, are widely available and appropriate as pets for children. Pet jellyfish for kids require a special aquarium and fish-specific diets.
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  • What kinds of food do jellyfish eat?

    Q: What kinds of food do jellyfish eat?

    A: Jellyfish are opportunistic carnivores that will eat almost anything they come across. Smaller jellyfish consume plankton, larger ones eat fish eggs, crustaceans and snails, and the very largest jellyfish can catch and eat whole fish. Jellyfish can also be cannibalistic.
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  • Are jellyfish carnivores, herbivores or omnivores?

    Q: Are jellyfish carnivores, herbivores or omnivores?

    A: Jellyfish are carnivores and excellent predators. They sting with tentacles to subdue small aquatic fish, and eat the eggs and invertebrates that stick to their tentacles.
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  • What are jellyfish made of?

    Q: What are jellyfish made of?

    A: Jellyfish are made of 95 percent water and 5 percent solid matter. The solid matter is composed of three layers: the epidermis is the outer layer, the mesoglea or the jelly is the middle layer and the gastrodermis is the inner layer.
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  • How do jellyfish swim?

    Q: How do jellyfish swim?

    A: Jellyfish swim by opening and closing a part of their body called the bell, which is the transparent, sack like part of their body that the tentacles hang from. The bell catches water when it opens and ejects it when it closes, propelling the jellyfish forward.
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  • What are the body parts of a jellyfish?

    Q: What are the body parts of a jellyfish?

    A: A jellyfish's body is made up mainly of water, along with a jelly-like substance called mesoglea, tentacles, a mouth and a thin layer of skin. Its body is around 90 percent water and its skin is only one cell thick.
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  • What is a red jellyfish?

    Q: What is a red jellyfish?

    A: The red jellyfish, Tiburonia granrojo, is a large, predatory species of jellyfish living deep in the Pacific Ocean. Dark red in color, it grows to 2 to 3 feet in diameter and has a fleshy appearance.
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  • Q: Where does the cabbage head jellyfish live?

    A: The cabbage-head jellyfish, more commonly known as the cannonball jellyfish, lives in warm, temperate estuary waters around the world. They are commonly found along the North American Atlantic seaboard, but also live in areas of the Pacific.
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  • Q: What is an example of phylum Cnidaria?

    A: One example of the phylum Cnidaria is coral. Cnidaria is an extremely diverse group of aquatic creatures, some of which swim freely through the ocean, and some of which, such as coral, appear more like plants than animals. Like starfish, cnidarians have radial body plans.
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  • Q: Is there a clear jellyfish species?

    A: Many species of jellyfish are transparent or partially transparent. The bell-shaped body of the jellyfish is filled with a gelatinous substance that is mostly water. With no skeleton and few specialized internal organs, there is very little to prevent light from passing through a jellyfish's body.
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  • Q: How much do jellyfish weigh?

    A: The weight of a jellyfish depends on the species. One of the more common species, the deadly box jellyfish, can weigh up to about 5 pounds.
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  • Q: When is jellyfish season in the Gulf of Mexico?

    A: Jellyfish season occurs during the summer months when the nettle, moon and Australian jellyfish invade thousands of square miles of the Gulf of Mexico. The jellyfish are proliferate in an area called the Dead Zone, where polluted water from the Mississippi River pours into the Gulf of Mexico and allows for few things to survive other than jellyfish.
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  • Q: What are characteristics of jellyfish?

    A: Jellyfish are free-swimming marine animals composed of more than 95 percent water, with bodies consisting of an umbrella-shaped bell and trailing tentacles. Jellyfish are radially symmetrical with a central axis through the length of their bodies. As a result, they have a top and bottom, but no left or right sides, as do most animals whose bodies are bilaterally symmetrical.
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  • Q: What are some jellyfish physical characteristics?

    A: All jellyfish are invertebrates, which means that they lack backbones. The rest of their anatomy is quite simple, including a primitive nervous system that is capable of detecting heat, light, food and vibrations. Since jellyfish lack eyes and ears, these nerves are their primary method of navigating the ocean.
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  • Q: What is the deadliest jellyfish?

    A: The box jellyfish is the deadliest jellyfish in the world. While most types of jellyfish are harmless, a single box jellyfish contains enough venom to kill 60 people.
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  • Q: What are some stingray adaptations?

    A: Some stingray adaptations include a flat body, the location of the mouth and strong senses. The flat body of the stingray allows it to swim on the ocean floor or bury itself in the sand where it lurks for food, which is why the mouth is conveniently located on the underside of the body.
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