Hummingbirds

A:

Hummingbirds have a diet consisting mainly of tree sap, flower nectar, pollen and insects. Hummingbirds are extremely active and must eat food several times a day. These birds have a long tapered bill that allows for them to extract nectar from the middle of long tubular flowers.

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  • What do hummingbirds eat?

    Q: What do hummingbirds eat?

    A: Hummingbirds eat a combination of nectar from flowers and small flying insects. Nectar is the more widely known and understood hummingbird food. Scientists have noted that the shape of the birds' bills and tongues are highly adapted to reaching deep within the recesses of flowers to retrieve nectar. However, as nectar is poor in everything but calories, hummingbirds make up the nutritional deficit by consuming bugs.
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  • What is the diet of a hummingbird?

    Q: What is the diet of a hummingbird?

    A: Hummingbirds have a diet consisting mainly of tree sap, flower nectar, pollen and insects. Hummingbirds are extremely active and must eat food several times a day. These birds have a long tapered bill that allows for them to extract nectar from the middle of long tubular flowers.
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  • What kind of food do you put in a hummingbird feeder?

    Q: What kind of food do you put in a hummingbird feeder?

    A: The type of food you put in a hummingbird feeder is called nectar, which can be made at home. Simply add 1/4 cup of sugar per 1 cup of water.
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  • How do you make hummingbird food?

    Q: How do you make hummingbird food?

    A: Hummingbird nectar is made by combining four parts water with one part white table sugar, slowly heating the solution for one or two minutes and then allowing it to cool, according to About.com. This mixture provides an accurate replication of natural sucrose from flowers. It is easy to digest, nutritious and provides hummingbirds with necessary energy and calories.
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  • How do hummingbirds reproduce?

    Q: How do hummingbirds reproduce?

    A: Although hummingbirds are usually solitary and fiercely territorial, males seek out females and perform elaborate courtship dances to get the females to accept them. After mating, the male leaves the female to build a nest, incubate the eggs and feed the young.
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  • How fast do hummingbirds fly?

    Q: How fast do hummingbirds fly?

    A: Hummingbirds can fly at an average speed of roughly 25 to 30 miles per hour and can dive at speeds of up to 60 miles per hour. These tiny birds can flap their wings approximately 70 times per second during normal flight and around 200 times per second when they are diving.
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  • When do hummingbirds migrate?

    Q: When do hummingbirds migrate?

    A: Most hummingbirds in America and Canada spend the winter in Mexico or South America before migrating to their breeding ground in southern U.S. as early as February or the first week of March. Some South American hummingbird species also travel north to the tropics during the southern winter.
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  • How long do hummingbirds live?

    Q: How long do hummingbirds live?

    A: The average lifespan for a hummingbird is only about three to four years. While most hummingbirds die in their first year, some have been known to survive for up to ten years or more.
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  • What are key factors to hummingbird identification?

    Q: What are key factors to hummingbird identification?

    A: Key factors to hummingbird identification include appearance, behavior and territory. Aspects of appearance that bird watchers need to keep an eye out for are throat color and markings, eye markings, bill color and curvature, plumage coloration, tail characteristics, and body shape and size.
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  • Can you keep a hummingbird as a pet?

    Q: Can you keep a hummingbird as a pet?

    A: Although it is possible, keeping a hummingbird as a pet is illegal in many areas, including the United States. Because they are wild animals, they do not make good pets.
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  • Q: How can you use a trumpet vine to attract hummingbirds?

    A: Trumpet vines are a hummingbird favorite and can be used in a landscape location that receives full sun to partial shade. The plant will bloom more profusely when located in an area that receives full sun.
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  • Q: Where do hummingbirds sleep?

    A: Hummingbirds sleep on their favorite perching spots, such as on a feeder or on a high, secure location with enough visibility. Hummingbird sleep is notable because it is actually a form of hibernation called torpor, where the body expends about one-fifteenth of the energy it normally uses.
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  • Q: Do hummingbirds migrate?

    A: Many species of hummingbird migrate, although they do so on an individual basis. For example, ruby-throated hummingbirds typically migrate to southern Mexico or northern Panama during the winter. Before migrating, ruby-throated hummingbirds build up a thick layer of fat to provide fuel for a difficult trans-Gulf flight.
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  • Q: When should you put out hummingbird feeders?

    A: Location, climate and the birds' migratory habits determine the ideal time to put out feeders. In some areas, such as along the Pacific coast and the Southern Texas coast, you can offer year-round feeding, while hummingbirds only appear between February and June in other regions.
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  • How do you make hummingbird nectar?

    Q: How do you make hummingbird nectar?

    A: To make hummingbird nectar, mix one part sugar to four parts water. Stir the mixture as you heat it on the stove until it begins to boil. Remove it from the heat and let it cool to room temperature before pouring it in the feeder.
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  • How do you mix a water and sugar solution for hummingbirds?

    Q: How do you mix a water and sugar solution for hummingbirds?

    A: Hummingbird food can be made by simply boiling water and then stirring in sugar. The addition of red food coloring makes the food very attractive to the birds.
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  • Q: When do you feed hummingbirds?

    A: When to feed hummingbirds depends on where one lives and what species of hummingbirds are around. A person who lives in a climate that is warm all year or on the coast can feed hummingbirds throughout the year because birds that live in warm regions do not migrate.
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  • What flowers can you plant to attract hummingbirds?

    Q: What flowers can you plant to attract hummingbirds?

    A: Bee balm, delphinium, butterfly bush, Rose of Sharon and honeysuckle attract hummingbirds. Contrary to popular belief, flowers do not need to be red to attract hummingbirds.
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  • Q: What is the hummingbird food ratio?

    A: Hummingbird feeders should be filled with sugar water mixed at a ratio of one part white sugar to four parts water. This ratio approximates the sugar content of natural flower nectar and provides a good source of calories.
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  • What are some basic facts about hummingbirds?

    Q: What are some basic facts about hummingbirds?

    A: Hummingbirds are tiny birds that flap their iridescent-feathered wings at the incredibly rapid speed of about 80 flaps per second, producing the characteristic humming noise that announces their arrival. There are several species of hummingbirds around the world, many of which possess vibrant colors.
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  • Q: Where do hummingbirds migrate to?

    A: Hummingbirds migrate north to the southern United States in the spring and go as far as Alaska by May. They migrate south in the fall to Mexico and Central America.
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