Grasshoppers

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Grasshoppers have a wide variety of characteristics including big hind legs for jumping, short antennae and conspicuous eyes. Grasshoppers also have a pair of appendages at the end of their abdomen and two pairs of wings.

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  • What are some of the characteristics of grasshoppers?

    Q: What are some of the characteristics of grasshoppers?

    A: Grasshoppers have a wide variety of characteristics including big hind legs for jumping, short antennae and conspicuous eyes. Grasshoppers also have a pair of appendages at the end of their abdomen and two pairs of wings.
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  • What is the difference between male and female grasshoppers?

    Q: What is the difference between male and female grasshoppers?

    A: Grasshoppers are sexual dimorphic, meaning that the sexes differ in size, with males being smaller. Grasshoppers also differ slightly in the shape of the abdomen depending upon their sex.
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  • What eats a grasshopper in a food chain?

    Q: What eats a grasshopper in a food chain?

    A: Grasshoppers are eaten by birds, spiders, snakes, rodents and insects. In Mexico and Africa, grasshoppers are eaten by humans for their high protein content. Grasshoppers eat cereal crops, grass and leaves, but some species of grasshoppers are omnivorous.
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  • What are the stages in the life cycle of a grasshopper?

    Q: What are the stages in the life cycle of a grasshopper?

    A: The stages in the life cycle of a grasshopper are egg, nymph and adult. The nymph is almost indistinguishable from the adult, but it is much smaller. As the young nymph grows, it sheds its exoskeleton in a process called molting. Nymphs are unable to bear young and have slightly different wings containing non-functional wing pads.
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  • What kind of plants do grasshoppers eat?

    Q: What kind of plants do grasshoppers eat?

    A: Grasshoppers are herbivores, meaning they only eat plants and will pretty much eat what is available. Although they eat mainly leaves, they also snack on stems, seeds and flowers, and from time to time will eat dead insects to take in additional protein.
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  • What is the best way to get rid of grasshoppers?

    Q: What is the best way to get rid of grasshoppers?

    A: According to Pest Control Options, effective strategies for getting rid of grasshoppers include keeping insect-eating animals on the property and dusting plants with flour. Ducks, chickens, guinea pigs and turkeys eat grasshoppers and are useful additions to any grasshopper reduction plan. Another effective measure is dusting plants with unsalted plain flour. Grasshoppers that eat flour-dusted plants soon find their mouths clogged with sticky flour.
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  • What is a group of grasshoppers called?

    Q: What is a group of grasshoppers called?

    A: A group of grasshoppers is called a cloud. Grasshoppers are insects that range in size from ½ inch to 2¾ inches. They have two pairs of wings and six legs, four in front and two in the back. Unlike katydids and crickets, grasshoppers have short horned antennae.
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  • What is the difference between a grasshopper and a cricket?

    Q: What is the difference between a grasshopper and a cricket?

    A: The major difference between a grasshopper and a cricket is their antennae. Grasshoppers have short antennae, whereas crickets have long ones. Additionally, grasshoppers stridulate (i.e. sing or chirp) by rubbing their hind legs with the wings. Crickets make chirping sounds by rubbing their wings together.
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  • Can a grasshopper's legs grow back?

    Q: Can a grasshopper's legs grow back?

    A: Grasshoppers possess the ability to shed one or both hind limbs in the event of a predator attack or limb damage; however, the lost limb will never grow back. This process is called autotomy.
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  • How long does a grasshopper live?

    Q: How long does a grasshopper live?

    A: The average lifespan of a grasshopper is one year. Birds, reptiles, rodents and larger insects are the grasshopper's predators. The grasshopper is an herbivore and consumes plant matter.
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  • What do grasshoppers eat?

    Q: What do grasshoppers eat?

    A: The grasshopper's diet consists of plant foliage, especially grasses and spurges. It eats roughly half of its body weight in plants every day, according to About.com. The vast majority of grasshoppers are polyphagous, which means they are able to eat many types of plants. Only one of the 8,000 grasshopper species relies on one single plant species, making it monophagous.
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  • Do grasshoppers bite?

    Q: Do grasshoppers bite?

    A: Grasshoppers are not known for biting though they may occasionally bite a predator as a defense mechanism. Although grasshoppers have very strong jaws for tearing vegetation, they prefer jumping away to avoid capture rather than confronting predators.
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  • How do grasshoppers adapt to their environment?

    Q: How do grasshoppers adapt to their environment?

    A: Grasshoppers adapt to their environment by special breathing holes and sprays that protect them against predators. Grasshoppers are also known to have sharp hearing to warn them of oncoming predators. They also jump high and far away from their enemies using their strong and long legs. They are able to skillfully react to enemy presence, even at short notice. Grasshoppers also have a hard exoskeleton that protects their inner organs.
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  • What is the function of the mouth in a grasshopper?

    Q: What is the function of the mouth in a grasshopper?

    A: According to Brisbane Insects and Spiders, the grasshopper mouth is a simple-type mouth, which has evolved with parts that function in chewing, cutting, grinding, manipulating, touching, tasting, sensing temperature and keeping food inside the mouth. The grasshopper mouth has some of the most primitive oral structures of any insect.
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  • Q: What are the grasshopper's predators?

    A: Grasshoppers thrive in thick grass or areas with lots of plant life, which makes them especially vulnerable to spiders, mantids and lizards. Birds often swoop down and feed on grasshoppers, and rodents also feed on grasshoppers.
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  • Q: What is the grasshopper reproduction process?

    A: Grasshoppers mate in late summer or fall, and the female lays an egg sac with up to 15 eggs in the ground. The eggs remain in the ground over winter, and they usually hatch in late May.
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  • Q: How high can a grasshopper jump?

    A: The height a grasshopper jumps has been calculated at 20 times its length in a broad jump or 10 times its length in a high jump. If a person could jump the same ratio, he could clear buildings with ease.
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  • Q: What is a grasshopper's digestive system?

    A: The grasshopper's digestive system is the system of organs and glands responsible for breaking down food for use by the body. It consists of the foregut, or stomodaeum; the midgut, or mesenteron; and the hindgut, or proctodaeum.
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  • Q: What are some features of grasshoppers?

    A: Features of grasshoppers include large eyes and coloring that matches their environment. They are typically gray, brown or green. They have two pairs of wings and long back legs that allow them to jump. Female grasshoppers are bigger than males, and their abdomens are sharply pointed to help them dig holes to lay eggs underground. Male grasshoppers have wings with additional attachments that they rub together to produce sounds.
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  • Q: How many spiracles does a grasshopper have?

    A: Grasshoppers have 10 pairs of spiracles, making a total of 20. Eight of these pairs are located along the abdomen, while two are thoracic. Spiracles are part of the respiratory, or tracheal, system of the grasshopper.
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  • Q: What is the scientific classification of the grasshopper?

    A: The grasshopper belongs to the order Orthoptera and the suborder Caelifera. The suborder Caelifera separates grasshoppers from the katydid and cricket.
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