Elephants

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According to National Geographic, the average African elephant weighs between 5,000 and 14,000 pounds, while the average Asian elephant weighs 4,500 to 11,000 pounds. The African elephant lives up to 70 years, and the Asian elephant has a life span of about 60 years.

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  • How Much Do Elephants Weigh in Tons?

    Q: How Much Do Elephants Weigh in Tons?

    A: The average African elephant weighs between 2.5 and 7 tons, and the average Asian elephant weighs anywhere from 2.5 to 5.5 tons. Given its size, the African elephant is the largest living land mammal on Earth.
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  • What Food Do Elephants Eat?

    Q: What Food Do Elephants Eat?

    A: Elephants eat vegetation in the form of grasses, bushes, small plants, tree bark, twigs, fruit and roots. They spend 16 to 18 hours a day eating, which equates to about 80 percent of the day.
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  • What Is a Baby Elephant Called?

    Q: What Is a Baby Elephant Called?

    A: A baby elephant is called a calf. It weighs about 220 pounds at birth.
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  • Where Do Elephants Live?

    Q: Where Do Elephants Live?

    A: There are two species of elephants: the Asian elephant, which lives in south and southeast Asia, and the African elephant, which lives in sub-Saharan Africa. The can be found living in the tropical forests, woodlands and savannahs of these regions.
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  • How Many Muscles Are in an Elephant's Trunk?

    Q: How Many Muscles Are in an Elephant's Trunk?

    A: According to Pennsylvania State University, an elephant's trunk contains approximately 100,000 muscles. The prehensile trunk is also used for trumpeting, drinking and grabbing objects, in addition to functioning as a nose. African elephants feature two finger-like protrusions at the end of their trunks, while Asian elephants have just one.
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  • What Do Elephants Symbolize?

    Q: What Do Elephants Symbolize?

    A: In many cultures, the elephant is a symbol of power and strength. However, the elephant symbolizes many different things to many cultures and even has several significant religious meanings.
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  • How Fast Can an Elephant Run?

    Q: How Fast Can an Elephant Run?

    A: According to researcher John Hutchinson from the Royal Veterinary College in the U.K., adult elephants are capable of top speed running in a walk-like gait at a speed of 6.8 meters per second. That is nearly 15 mph.
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  • Who Wins in a Hippo Versus Elephant Fight?

    Q: Who Wins in a Hippo Versus Elephant Fight?

    A: In a fight between the elephant and a hippopotamus, the elephant emerges as the winner. The elephant is bigger and stronger, while the hippopotamus is slower and does not have the same reach as an elephant.
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  • How Long Is an Elephant Pregnant For?

    Q: How Long Is an Elephant Pregnant For?

    A: An elephant is pregnant for up to two years before giving birth, the longest gestation period of any mammal. Elephants are the largest living and largest-brained land animal in the world, and a long development is needed for elephants in the womb.
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  • What Are Female Elephants Called?

    Q: What Are Female Elephants Called?

    A: Female elephants are called cows. Male elephants are called bulls. An entire group of elephants are reffered to as a heard. Elephants are very intelligent animals with complex social structures.
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  • What Is a Herd of Elephants Called?

    Q: What Is a Herd of Elephants Called?

    A: A herd of elephants is called a parade. Elephants naturally live in herds with linear and established social orders. They require large areas in which to raise families, breed, travel, forage and live. The climates of Asia and Africa are ideal for these activities.
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  • What Are Elephant Tusks Used For?

    Q: What Are Elephant Tusks Used For?

    A: Elephant tusks are used for obtaining ivory, a hard, white substance that can be found only in the tusks and teeth of certain mammals. The ivory itself is used to make a variety of items that are typically used to show affluence, wealth or importance.
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  • How Do Elephants Mate?

    Q: How Do Elephants Mate?

    A: After successful courtship, elephants mate with the male mounting the female from behind. Mating occurs after somewhat elaborate courtship and mating rituals.
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  • What Are Some Facts About Elephants for Kids?

    Q: What Are Some Facts About Elephants for Kids?

    A: Asian and African elephants are the largest land animals. They typically weigh between 4,900 and 14,000 pounds, but as of 2014, the highest recorded weight of an elephant was 24,000 pounds. Unsurprisingly, these massive creatures can deliver 200-pound babies, which are usually around 3 feet tall at birth. On average, elephants in the wild can survive between 60 and 70 years.
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  • Q: To What Area Are Elephants Indigenous?

    A: African elephants are indigenous to Sub-Saharan Africa as well as the Sahel desert in Mali and the African rainforests while Asian elephants originated in Iraq and Syria, but now are found in India, China and Vietnam. Elephants found in other areas of the world have been relocated due to human interest or other purposes.
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  • What Are Some Simple Facts About Elephants for Children?

    Q: What Are Some Simple Facts About Elephants for Children?

    A: Elephants are one of the largest species of mammals. There are two types of species of elephants, including both the African and Asian elephant. As their name suggests, each type lives either in the plains and forests of Africa or Asia.
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  • What Are the Uses of Elephant Ivory?

    Q: What Are the Uses of Elephant Ivory?

    A: The trade of elephant ivory is vigorously condemned in much of the world, although it still achieves a viable market in some parts of Asia, according to The Nature Conservancy. The traded ivory is usually formed into jewelry and other decorative items. It is sometimes even used to fashion miniature elephant statues. The material also had a long history of use around the world before trade was banned.
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  • Q: Why Do Elephants Have Trunks?

    A: Although the elephant uses its trunk to pick up objects, the main function of the trunk is for eating and drinking. Using its trunk, the elephant can graze around trees or the ground without any movement of its head, and it can suck around 3.5 gallons of water up at one time.
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  • Q: Why Do People Hunt Elephants?

    A: People hunt elephants to get their valuable ivory tusks. The elephant tusks are used for decoration, jewelry and to create statues. Elephants use the tusks as potential weapons against predators, such as tigers and lions, and in battling other elephants.
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  • Q: What Is the Scientific Name for an Elephant?

    A: Generally speaking, elephants are broadly classified as either Loxodonta africana, if African, or Elephas maximus, if Asian. However, genetic research has found that subspecies exist in both groups and the scientific, or taxonomic, name is therefore not so simple to discern.
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  • Q: How Much Dung Does an Elephant Produce in a Day?

    A: On average, an African elephant consumes about 300 pounds of leaves, bushes and grasses per day causing it to produce about 165 pounds of dung, or poop, daily. This means that of the vegetation an elephant consumes, 45 percent is fully utilized by the elephant and not excreted.
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