Elephants

A:

An elephant's memory spans a large number of years, according to Defenders of Wildlife. This long memory helps the matriarch lead her herd over long distances to waterholes she remembers from the past.

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  • What Is a Baby Elephant Called?

    Q: What Is a Baby Elephant Called?

    A: A baby elephant is called a calf. It weighs about 220 pounds at birth.
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  • Where Do Elephants Live?

    Q: Where Do Elephants Live?

    A: There are two species of elephants: the Asian elephant, which lives in south and southeast Asia, and the African elephant, which lives in sub-Saharan Africa. The can be found living in the tropical forests, woodlands and savannahs of these regions.
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  • What Are Female Elephants Called?

    Q: What Are Female Elephants Called?

    A: Female elephants are called cows. Male elephants are called bulls. An entire group of elephants are reffered to as a heard. Elephants are very intelligent animals with complex social structures.
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  • Who Wins in a Hippo Versus Elephant Fight?

    Q: Who Wins in a Hippo Versus Elephant Fight?

    A: In a fight between the elephant and a hippopotamus, the elephant emerges as the winner. The elephant is bigger and stronger, while the hippopotamus is slower and does not have the same reach as an elephant.
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  • How Many Muscles Are in an Elephant's Trunk?

    Q: How Many Muscles Are in an Elephant's Trunk?

    A: According to Pennsylvania State University, an elephant's trunk contains approximately 100,000 muscles. The prehensile trunk is also used for trumpeting, drinking and grabbing objects, in addition to functioning as a nose. African elephants feature two finger-like protrusions at the end of their trunks, while Asian elephants have just one.
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  • How Long Is an Elephant Pregnant For?

    Q: How Long Is an Elephant Pregnant For?

    A: An elephant is pregnant for up to two years before giving birth, the longest gestation period of any mammal. Elephants are the largest living and largest-brained land animal in the world, and a long development is needed for elephants in the womb.
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  • How Much Do Elephants Weigh in Tons?

    Q: How Much Do Elephants Weigh in Tons?

    A: The average African elephant weighs between 2.5 and 7 tons, and the average Asian elephant weighs anywhere from 2.5 to 5.5 tons. Given its size, the African elephant is the largest living land mammal on Earth.
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  • How Do Elephants Mate?

    Q: How Do Elephants Mate?

    A: After successful courtship, elephants mate with the male mounting the female from behind. Mating occurs after somewhat elaborate courtship and mating rituals.
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  • What Is a Herd of Elephants Called?

    Q: What Is a Herd of Elephants Called?

    A: A herd of elephants is called a parade. Elephants naturally live in herds with linear and established social orders. They require large areas in which to raise families, breed, travel, forage and live. The climates of Asia and Africa are ideal for these activities.
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  • What Are Elephant Tusks Used For?

    Q: What Are Elephant Tusks Used For?

    A: Elephant tusks are used for obtaining ivory, a hard, white substance that can be found only in the tusks and teeth of certain mammals. The ivory itself is used to make a variety of items that are typically used to show affluence, wealth or importance.
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  • What Do Elephants Symbolize?

    Q: What Do Elephants Symbolize?

    A: In many cultures, the elephant is a symbol of power and strength. However, the elephant symbolizes many different things to many cultures and even has several significant religious meanings.
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  • How Fast Can an Elephant Run?

    Q: How Fast Can an Elephant Run?

    A: According to researcher John Hutchinson from the Royal Veterinary College in the U.K., adult elephants are capable of top speed running in a walk-like gait at a speed of 6.8 meters per second. That is nearly 15 mph.
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  • What Food Do Elephants Eat?

    Q: What Food Do Elephants Eat?

    A: Elephants eat vegetation in the form of grasses, bushes, small plants, tree bark, twigs, fruit and roots. They spend 16 to 18 hours a day eating, which equates to about 80 percent of the day.
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  • Q: What Are the Body Parts of an Elephant?

    A: The body parts of an elephant include the trunk, tusks, teeth, ears, legs, skin and a tail. In common with all vertebrates, they also have skeletons and internal organs. Elephants also have a brain that is four times the size of a human brain, making it the largest brain of any known land animal.
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  • Q: What Do Elephants Look Like?

    A: Elephants are gray in color and have a long trunk that has several uses, including breathing and feeding. They are the largest land mammals on Earth.
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  • Q: What Do African Elephants Eat?

    A: The diet of an African elephant consists of roots, grasses, buds, leaves, fruits and barks. Elephants can eat up to 350 pounds of food daily.
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  • Q: How Much Space Does One Elephant Need in a Zoo?

    A: The Association of Zoos and Aquariums requires that a single adult elephant is provided with 1,800 square feet of outdoor space and 400 square feet of indoor space. There is no upper limit on space; zoos are encouraged to offer as much space as possible.
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  • How Long Do Rhinos Live?

    Q: How Long Do Rhinos Live?

    A: In the wild, black rhinos live for 30 to 35 years, whereas white rhinos live for as many as 50 years. Other species of rhinos live for 30 to 40 years. Rhinos typically live longer in captivity than they do in the wild.
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  • Q: What Is the Scientific Name for an Elephant?

    A: Generally speaking, elephants are broadly classified as either Loxodonta africana, if African, or Elephas maximus, if Asian. However, genetic research has found that subspecies exist in both groups and the scientific, or taxonomic, name is therefore not so simple to discern.
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  • Q: What Is Being Done to Save the African Elephant?

    A: To save the African elephant, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna imposed a complete ban in 1989 on international trade in ivory. In the United States, the African elephant is listed as threatened under the Endangered Species Act, and in 1989, Congress established a moratorium on the importation of the ivory of African elephants. These measures reduce elephant poaching.
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  • Q: What Is a Male Elephant Called?

    A: The male elephant is known as a bull, while the female elephant is called a cow. For the baby elephant, the appropriate term is a calf. A group of elephants is termed a herd or a parade.
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