Elephants

A:

A baby African elephant weighs 200 pounds and stands about 3 feet tall at birth. Asian elephants are slightly smaller, though not by much.

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  • What are elephant tusks used for?

    Q: What are elephant tusks used for?

    A: Elephant tusks are used for obtaining ivory, a hard, white substance that can be found only in the tusks and teeth of certain mammals. The ivory itself is used to make a variety of items that are typically used to show affluence, wealth or importance.
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  • Where do elephants live?

    Q: Where do elephants live?

    A: There are two species of elephants: the Asian elephant, which lives in south and southeast Asia, and the African elephant, which lives in sub-Saharan Africa. The can be found living in the tropical forests, woodlands and savannahs of these regions.
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  • How do elephants mate?

    Q: How do elephants mate?

    A: After successful courtship, elephants mate with the male mounting the female from behind. Mating occurs after somewhat elaborate courtship and mating rituals.
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  • How many muscles are in an elephant's trunk?

    Q: How many muscles are in an elephant's trunk?

    A: According to Pennsylvania State University, an elephant's trunk contains approximately 100,000 muscles. The prehensile trunk is also used for trumpeting, drinking and grabbing objects, in addition to functioning as a nose. African elephants feature two finger-like protrusions at the end of their trunks, while Asian elephants have just one.
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  • What is a baby elephant called?

    Q: What is a baby elephant called?

    A: A baby elephant is called a calf. It weighs about 220 pounds at birth.
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  • How long is an elephant pregnant for?

    Q: How long is an elephant pregnant for?

    A: An elephant is pregnant for up to two years before giving birth, the longest gestation period of any mammal. Elephants are the largest living and largest-brained land animal in the world, and a long development is needed for elephants in the womb.
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  • What is a herd of elephants called?

    Q: What is a herd of elephants called?

    A: A herd of elephants is called a parade. Elephants naturally live in herds with linear and established social orders. They require large areas in which to raise families, breed, travel, forage and live. The climates of Asia and Africa are ideal for these activities.
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  • How fast can an elephant run?

    Q: How fast can an elephant run?

    A: According to researcher John Hutchinson from the Royal Veterinary College in the U.K., adult elephants are capable of top speed running in a walk-like gait at a speed of 6.8 meters per second. That is nearly 15 mph.
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  • What do elephants symbolize?

    Q: What do elephants symbolize?

    A: In many cultures, the elephant is a symbol of power and strength. However, the elephant symbolizes many different things to many cultures and even has several significant religious meanings.
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  • What food do elephants eat?

    Q: What food do elephants eat?

    A: Elephants eat vegetation in the form of grasses, bushes, small plants, tree bark, twigs, fruit and roots. They spend 16 to 18 hours a day eating, which equates to about 80 percent of the day.
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  • What are female elephants called?

    Q: What are female elephants called?

    A: Female elephants are called cows. Male elephants are called bulls. An entire group of elephants are reffered to as a heard. Elephants are very intelligent animals with complex social structures.
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  • How much do elephants weigh in tons?

    Q: How much do elephants weigh in tons?

    A: The average African elephant weighs between 2.5 and 7 tons, and the average Asian elephant weighs anywhere from 2.5 to 5.5 tons. Given its size, the African elephant is the largest living land mammal on Earth.
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  • Who wins in a hippo versus elephant fight?

    Q: Who wins in a hippo versus elephant fight?

    A: In a fight between the elephant and a hippopotamus, the elephant emerges as the winner. The elephant is bigger and stronger, while the hippopotamus is slower and does not have the same reach as an elephant.
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  • Q: How are elephants adapted to their habitat?

    A: Elephants have special structural features, such as tusks, trunks, teeth, ears and size, that help them adapt and survive in their habitats. An elephant's size can help to deter predators, and tusks can be used for defense and to dig up roots out of the ground.
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  • Q: What are Tribal Elephants?

    A: Tribal elephants are elephant tattoos done in black ink in a tribal style. These tattoos can be as large or as small as the wearer desires and can be combined with other symbols and characters to create a unique design.
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  • Q: What are elephant tusks made of?

    A: The visible ivory tusks on elephants are made primarily of dentine and include small amounts of enamel. Tusk length varies among African and Asian elephants and is hereditary. The upper incisors may grow to 10 feet or more.
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  • Q: Why do elephants throw water over themselves?

    A: Elephants throw water over themselves in order to keep cool. According to BBC News, desert elephants have a little pouch in their throat where they store water so that they can spray themselves with it when the temperatures become too hot.
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  • Q: How much does an adult male African elephant weigh?

    A: An adult male African elephant can weigh up to 16,538 pounds. Their massive size requires them to eat between 220 to 440 pounds of vegetation per day. Males can grow to a height of 11 to 13 feet and a length of up to 30 feet.
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  • Do elephants migrate?

    Q: Do elephants migrate?

    A: Elephants migrate seasonally to search for food, water and mates. Some herds travel hundreds of miles when nearby waterholes are dry. Elephants usually travel between 6 and 12 miles per day.
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  • Q: How many knees does an elephant have?

    A: Contrary to popular belief, an elephant only has two knees. Many Internet theories claim that the elephant is the only animal with four knees, with one knee for each ligament. However the two front legs of an elephant actually have wrists and elbows.
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  • Q: Why do Indian elephants have small ears?

    A: Indian elephants have small ears because they do not live in a climate requiring more ear flap surface to release heat, according to Associate Professor Arunn Narasimhan. Ear flaps help the elephant release heat from the body through the large number of capillaries that flow through them.
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