A:The average African elephant weighs between 2.5 and 7 tons, and the average Asian elephant weighs anywhere from 2.5 to 5.5 tons. Given its size, the African elephant is the largest living land mammal on Earth.
A:According to Pennsylvania State University, an elephant's trunk contains approximately 100,000 muscles. The prehensile trunk is also used for trumpeting, drinking and grabbing objects, in addition to functioning as a nose. African elephants feature two finger-like protrusions at the end of their trunks, while Asian elephants have just one.
A:There are two species of elephants: the Asian elephant, which lives in south and southeast Asia, and the African elephant, which lives in sub-Saharan Africa. The can be found living in the tropical forests, woodlands and savannahs of these regions.
A:An elephant is pregnant for up to two years before giving birth, the longest gestation period of any mammal. Elephants are the largest living and largest-brained land animal in the world, and a long development is needed for elephants in the womb.
A:According to researcher John Hutchinson from the Royal Veterinary College in the U.K., adult elephants are capable of top speed running in a walk-like gait at a speed of 6.8 meters per second. That is nearly 15 mph.
A:A herd of elephants is called a parade. Elephants naturally live in herds with linear and established social orders. They require large areas in which to raise families, breed, travel, forage and live. The climates of Asia and Africa are ideal for these activities.
A:Elephant tusks are used for obtaining ivory, a hard, white substance that can be found only in the tusks and teeth of certain mammals. The ivory itself is used to make a variety of items that are typically used to show affluence, wealth or importance.
A:In a fight between the elephant and a hippopotamus, the elephant emerges as the winner. The elephant is bigger and stronger, while the hippopotamus is slower and does not have the same reach as an elephant.
A:Elephants do not seek shelter in caves or other natural formations due to their enormous size, but they do cool off in water and apply coats of mud and dust to their hides to keep themselves cool and protected from the sun. Elephants will even shower to cool down, siphoning water into their trunks and then spurting it out onto their own backs.
A:Rhinos are herbivores and do not eat meat. Their diets vary according to their habitats and species. Some are grazers, eating such vegetation as grass, while others search a little higher and eat from trees or bushes.
A:As of June 2014, the oldest living elephant is Lydia, owned by David Tesch, according to Elephant.se. Born in 1943, Lydia is 71 years old. The second-oldest living elephant, Shirley, owned by Wild Adventures, was born in 1944 and is 70 years old.
A:Elephants have special structural features, such as tusks, trunks, teeth, ears and size, that help them adapt and survive in their habitats. An elephant's size can help to deter predators, and tusks can be used for defense and to dig up roots out of the ground.
A:According to the Oxford Dictionaries, a "white elephant" is a possession that is expensive and hard to maintain but also difficult to get rid of. For example, it may be used in reference to a house or car that requires a lot of upkeep and cannot be sold because no potential buyers can be found.
A:An adult male African elephant can weigh up to 16,538 pounds. Their massive size requires them to eat between 220 to 440 pounds of vegetation per day. Males can grow to a height of 11 to 13 feet and a length of up to 30 feet.
A:The two back legs of the elephant contain knees complete with kneecaps. The same area on the front legs acts more like a wrist joint. Elephants rise by propping on their front wrists and using the knees of the back legs to stand upright.