Elephants

A:

The World Wildlife Fund (WWF) gives the average weight of an African elephant as 6 tons. The typical weight of an African elephant varies according to the animal's gender and age.

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  • What food do elephants eat?

    Q: What food do elephants eat?

    A: Elephants eat vegetation in the form of grasses, bushes, small plants, tree bark, twigs, fruit and roots. They spend 16 to 18 hours a day eating, which equates to about 80 percent of the day.
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  • How much do elephants weigh in tons?

    Q: How much do elephants weigh in tons?

    A: The average African elephant weighs between 2.5 and 7 tons, and the average Asian elephant weighs anywhere from 2.5 to 5.5 tons. Given its size, the African elephant is the largest living land mammal on Earth.
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  • How long is an elephant pregnant for?

    Q: How long is an elephant pregnant for?

    A: An elephant is pregnant for up to two years before giving birth, the longest gestation period of any mammal. Elephants are the largest living and largest-brained land animal in the world, and a long development is needed for elephants in the womb.
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  • What are female elephants called?

    Q: What are female elephants called?

    A: Female elephants are called cows. Male elephants are called bulls. An entire group of elephants are reffered to as a heard. Elephants are very intelligent animals with complex social structures.
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  • What is a herd of elephants called?

    Q: What is a herd of elephants called?

    A: A herd of elephants is called a parade. Elephants naturally live in herds with linear and established social orders. They require large areas in which to raise families, breed, travel, forage and live. The climates of Asia and Africa are ideal for these activities.
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  • How fast can an elephant run?

    Q: How fast can an elephant run?

    A: According to researcher John Hutchinson from the Royal Veterinary College in the U.K., adult elephants are capable of top speed running in a walk-like gait at a speed of 6.8 meters per second. That is nearly 15 mph.
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  • How do elephants mate?

    Q: How do elephants mate?

    A: After successful courtship, elephants mate with the male mounting the female from behind. Mating occurs after somewhat elaborate courtship and mating rituals.
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  • What are elephant tusks used for?

    Q: What are elephant tusks used for?

    A: Elephant tusks are used for obtaining ivory, a hard, white substance that can be found only in the tusks and teeth of certain mammals. The ivory itself is used to make a variety of items that are typically used to show affluence, wealth or importance.
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  • What is a baby elephant called?

    Q: What is a baby elephant called?

    A: A baby elephant is called a calf. It weighs about 220 pounds at birth.
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  • Who wins in a hippo versus elephant fight?

    Q: Who wins in a hippo versus elephant fight?

    A: In a fight between the elephant and a hippopotamus, the elephant emerges as the winner. The elephant is bigger and stronger, while the hippopotamus is slower and does not have the same reach as an elephant.
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  • What do elephants symbolize?

    Q: What do elephants symbolize?

    A: In many cultures, the elephant is a symbol of power and strength. However, the elephant symbolizes many different things to many cultures and even has several significant religious meanings.
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  • Where do elephants live?

    Q: Where do elephants live?

    A: There are two species of elephants: the Asian elephant, which lives in south and southeast Asia, and the African elephant, which lives in sub-Saharan Africa. The can be found living in the tropical forests, woodlands and savannahs of these regions.
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  • How many muscles are in an elephant's trunk?

    Q: How many muscles are in an elephant's trunk?

    A: According to Pennsylvania State University, an elephant's trunk contains approximately 100,000 muscles. The prehensile trunk is also used for trumpeting, drinking and grabbing objects, in addition to functioning as a nose. African elephants feature two finger-like protrusions at the end of their trunks, while Asian elephants have just one.
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  • Q: How are elephants adapted to their habitat?

    A: Elephants have special structural features, such as tusks, trunks, teeth, ears and size, that help them adapt and survive in their habitats. An elephant's size can help to deter predators, and tusks can be used for defense and to dig up roots out of the ground.
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  • Q: Where do elephants fit into the food web?

    A: Adult elephants have no natural predators but calves are killed by lions, tigers and hyenas. Elephants eat leaves, roots, bark, grasses and fruit. They can have considerable impact on local environments.
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  • What are the two species of elephants?

    Q: What are the two species of elephants?

    A: The two species of elephants are the African species and the Asian species. African elephants are further divided into two subspecies: forest and savanna. There are four subspecies of Asian elephants: Sri Lankan, mainland, Borneo and Sumatran.
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  • Do elephants migrate?

    Q: Do elephants migrate?

    A: Elephants migrate seasonally to search for food, water and mates. Some herds travel hundreds of miles when nearby waterholes are dry. Elephants usually travel between 6 and 12 miles per day.
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  • Q: What are the body parts of an elephant?

    A: The body parts of an elephant include the trunk, tusks, teeth, ears, legs, skin and a tail. In common with all vertebrates, they also have skeletons and internal organs. Elephants also have a brain that is four times the size of a human brain, making it the largest brain of any known land animal.
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  • Q: What are some unusual habitat facts about African elephants?

    A: African elephants thrive in a diverse range of habitats, including the African savanna, forests, swamps and deserts. Because of the many different types of food they consume, African elephants are able to adapt readily to many distinct types of habitat. In the wild, they are found in 37 African countries.
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  • Q: How many knees does an elephant have?

    A: Contrary to popular belief, an elephant only has two knees. Many Internet theories claim that the elephant is the only animal with four knees, with one knee for each ligament. However the two front legs of an elephant actually have wrists and elbows.
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  • Q: How much do elephant tusks weigh?

    A: A tusk from an adult male elephant weighs between 100 and 175 pounds, according to SeaWorld Parks and Entertainment, while a tusk from an adult female elephant weighs between 40 and 44 pounds. The heaviest tusk ever recorded weighed in at 220 pounds.
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