Elephants

A:

Elephants use their trunks and their tusks to protect themselves from predators. They also use loud noises to scare away threats.

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  • How fast can an elephant run?

    Q: How fast can an elephant run?

    A: According to researcher John Hutchinson from the Royal Veterinary College in the U.K., adult elephants are capable of top speed running in a walk-like gait at a speed of 6.8 meters per second. That is nearly 15 mph.
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  • What is a herd of elephants called?

    Q: What is a herd of elephants called?

    A: A herd of elephants is called a parade. Elephants naturally live in herds with linear and established social orders. They require large areas in which to raise families, breed, travel, forage and live. The climates of Asia and Africa are ideal for these activities.
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  • How do elephants mate?

    Q: How do elephants mate?

    A: After successful courtship, elephants mate with the male mounting the female from behind. Mating occurs after somewhat elaborate courtship and mating rituals.
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  • How much do elephants weigh in tons?

    Q: How much do elephants weigh in tons?

    A: The average African elephant weighs between 2.5 and 7 tons, and the average Asian elephant weighs anywhere from 2.5 to 5.5 tons. Given its size, the African elephant is the largest living land mammal on Earth.
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  • Who wins in a hippo versus elephant fight?

    Q: Who wins in a hippo versus elephant fight?

    A: In a fight between the elephant and a hippopotamus, the elephant emerges as the winner. The elephant is bigger and stronger, while the hippopotamus is slower and does not have the same reach as an elephant.
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  • What is a baby elephant called?

    Q: What is a baby elephant called?

    A: A baby elephant is called a calf. It weighs about 220 pounds at birth.
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  • Where do elephants live?

    Q: Where do elephants live?

    A: There are two species of elephants: the Asian elephant, which lives in south and southeast Asia, and the African elephant, which lives in sub-Saharan Africa. The can be found living in the tropical forests, woodlands and savannahs of these regions.
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  • How many muscles are in an elephant's trunk?

    Q: How many muscles are in an elephant's trunk?

    A: According to Pennsylvania State University, an elephant's trunk contains approximately 100,000 muscles. The prehensile trunk is also used for trumpeting, drinking and grabbing objects, in addition to functioning as a nose. African elephants feature two finger-like protrusions at the end of their trunks, while Asian elephants have just one.
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  • How long is an elephant pregnant for?

    Q: How long is an elephant pregnant for?

    A: An elephant is pregnant for up to two years before giving birth, the longest gestation period of any mammal. Elephants are the largest living and largest-brained land animal in the world, and a long development is needed for elephants in the womb.
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  • What are elephant tusks used for?

    Q: What are elephant tusks used for?

    A: Elephant tusks are used for obtaining ivory, a hard, white substance that can be found only in the tusks and teeth of certain mammals. The ivory itself is used to make a variety of items that are typically used to show affluence, wealth or importance.
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  • What are female elephants called?

    Q: What are female elephants called?

    A: Female elephants are called cows. Male elephants are called bulls. An entire group of elephants are reffered to as a heard. Elephants are very intelligent animals with complex social structures.
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  • What do elephants symbolize?

    Q: What do elephants symbolize?

    A: In many cultures, the elephant is a symbol of power and strength. However, the elephant symbolizes many different things to many cultures and even has several significant religious meanings.
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  • What food do elephants eat?

    Q: What food do elephants eat?

    A: Elephants eat vegetation in the form of grasses, bushes, small plants, tree bark, twigs, fruit and roots. They spend 16 to 18 hours a day eating, which equates to about 80 percent of the day.
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  • Q: How much dung does an elephant produce in a day?

    A: On average, an African elephant consumes about 300 pounds of leaves, bushes and grasses per day causing it to produce about 165 pounds of dung, or poop, daily. This means that of the vegetation an elephant consumes, 45 percent is fully utilized by the elephant and not excreted.
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  • Q: Can elephants live without tusks?

    A: Elephants can survive without tusks. While most elephants have tusks, female Asian elephants don't have any, and some male Asian elephants are born without tusks. Removing an elephant's tusk completely up to its skull can be extremely painful for the animal and can lead death.
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  • Q: What is the gestation period for an elephant?

    A: The gestation period for an elephant is 640 to 660 days. This is equivalent to about 95 weeks, or 22 months, and is the longest gestation period of any mammal.
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  • What are the two species of elephants?

    Q: What are the two species of elephants?

    A: The two species of elephants are the African species and the Asian species. African elephants are further divided into two subspecies: forest and savanna. There are four subspecies of Asian elephants: Sri Lankan, mainland, Borneo and Sumatran.
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  • Q: What are some of the adaptations of the African elephant?

    A: The African elephant adapted to its environment with its large size, big ears, thick eyelashes, ivory tusks and long trunk. The large size of the African elephant makes it nearly impervious to predators. The only vulnerable elephants are the young, which are often physically protected by the bulk of the adults in the herd.
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  • Q: Where do elephants fit into the food web?

    A: Adult elephants have no natural predators but calves are killed by lions, tigers and hyenas. Elephants eat leaves, roots, bark, grasses and fruit. They can have considerable impact on local environments.
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  • Q: What is the scientific name for an elephant?

    A: Generally speaking, elephants are broadly classified as either Loxodonta africana, if African, or Elephas maximus, if Asian. However, genetic research has found that subspecies exist in both groups and the scientific, or taxonomic, name is therefore not so simple to discern.
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  • Q: Do elephants eat peanuts?

    A: Elephants do not eat peanuts in the wild, and it is not common for them to eat peanuts in captivity either. Due to their extreme size, elephants must spend between 16 and 18 hours a day eating and can consume more than 300 pounds of vegetation in that span.
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