Elephants

A:

The World Wildlife Fund (WWF) gives the average weight of an African elephant as 6 tons. The typical weight of an African elephant varies according to the animal's gender and age.

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  • What is a baby elephant called?

    Q: What is a baby elephant called?

    A: A baby elephant is called a calf. It weighs about 220 pounds at birth.
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  • How many muscles are in an elephant's trunk?

    Q: How many muscles are in an elephant's trunk?

    A: According to Pennsylvania State University, an elephant's trunk contains approximately 100,000 muscles. The prehensile trunk is also used for trumpeting, drinking and grabbing objects, in addition to functioning as a nose. African elephants feature two finger-like protrusions at the end of their trunks, while Asian elephants have just one.
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  • Where do elephants live?

    Q: Where do elephants live?

    A: There are two species of elephants: the Asian elephant, which lives in south and southeast Asia, and the African elephant, which lives in sub-Saharan Africa. The can be found living in the tropical forests, woodlands and savannahs of these regions.
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  • How do elephants mate?

    Q: How do elephants mate?

    A: After successful courtship, elephants mate with the male mounting the female from behind. Mating occurs after somewhat elaborate courtship and mating rituals.
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  • How long is an elephant pregnant for?

    Q: How long is an elephant pregnant for?

    A: An elephant is pregnant for up to two years before giving birth, the longest gestation period of any mammal. Elephants are the largest living and largest-brained land animal in the world, and a long development is needed for elephants in the womb.
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  • What is a herd of elephants called?

    Q: What is a herd of elephants called?

    A: A herd of elephants is called a parade. Elephants naturally live in herds with linear and established social orders. They require large areas in which to raise families, breed, travel, forage and live. The climates of Asia and Africa are ideal for these activities.
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  • What are female elephants called?

    Q: What are female elephants called?

    A: Female elephants are called cows. Male elephants are called bulls. An entire group of elephants are reffered to as a heard. Elephants are very intelligent animals with complex social structures.
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  • What food do elephants eat?

    Q: What food do elephants eat?

    A: Elephants eat vegetation in the form of grasses, bushes, small plants, tree bark, twigs, fruit and roots. They spend 16 to 18 hours a day eating, which equates to about 80 percent of the day.
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  • What are elephant tusks used for?

    Q: What are elephant tusks used for?

    A: Elephant tusks are used for obtaining ivory, a hard, white substance that can be found only in the tusks and teeth of certain mammals. The ivory itself is used to make a variety of items that are typically used to show affluence, wealth or importance.
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  • How fast can an elephant run?

    Q: How fast can an elephant run?

    A: According to researcher John Hutchinson from the Royal Veterinary College in the U.K., adult elephants are capable of top speed running in a walk-like gait at a speed of 6.8 meters per second. That is nearly 15 mph.
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  • What do elephants symbolize?

    Q: What do elephants symbolize?

    A: In many cultures, the elephant is a symbol of power and strength. However, the elephant symbolizes many different things to many cultures and even has several significant religious meanings.
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  • Who wins in a hippo versus elephant fight?

    Q: Who wins in a hippo versus elephant fight?

    A: In a fight between the elephant and a hippopotamus, the elephant emerges as the winner. The elephant is bigger and stronger, while the hippopotamus is slower and does not have the same reach as an elephant.
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  • How much do elephants weigh in tons?

    Q: How much do elephants weigh in tons?

    A: The average African elephant weighs between 2.5 and 7 tons, and the average Asian elephant weighs anywhere from 2.5 to 5.5 tons. Given its size, the African elephant is the largest living land mammal on Earth.
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  • Q: How are elephants adapted to their habitat?

    A: Elephants have special structural features, such as tusks, trunks, teeth, ears and size, that help them adapt and survive in their habitats. An elephant's size can help to deter predators, and tusks can be used for defense and to dig up roots out of the ground.
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  • Q: Can an elephant jump?

    A: Elephants cannot jump and cannot perform gaits, such as the trot or gallop, in which all four feet are off the ground at some point. Their fastest gait is similar to a running walk, and they can reach speeds of 15 miles per hour for short distances.
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  • Q: Why do elephants have big ears?

    A: Elephants have big ears to help radiate heat and keep them cool. When elephants flap their wet ears, they cool the blood flowing through the numerous blood vessels in their ears. This helps cool their large bodies.
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  • How long is an elephant pregnant?

    Q: How long is an elephant pregnant?

    A: The average gestation period for an elephant is approximately 22 months. Just like with humans, this is not a hard and fast rule. One elephant was pregnant for a total of 700 days — just shy of 2 years — before giving birth.
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  • Q: Where do rhinos come from?

    A: Rhinos are native to sub-Saharan Africa and to southern Asia. The two African species have very different habitat preferences. The three extant Asian species are also divided between grassland and jungle habitats.
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  • Q: What are Tribal Elephants?

    A: Tribal elephants are elephant tattoos done in black ink in a tribal style. These tattoos can be as large or as small as the wearer desires and can be combined with other symbols and characters to create a unique design.
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  • Do elephants migrate?

    Q: Do elephants migrate?

    A: Elephants migrate seasonally to search for food, water and mates. Some herds travel hundreds of miles when nearby waterholes are dry. Elephants usually travel between 6 and 12 miles per day.
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  • How much does the average African elephant weigh?

    Q: How much does the average African elephant weigh?

    A: The World Wildlife Fund (WWF) gives the average weight of an African elephant as 6 tons. The typical weight of an African elephant varies according to the animal's gender and age.
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