Camels

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According to the BBC, camels have adapted by developing features that preserve water and fat within their body to ensure survival in the hot and dry desert climate. Other features that camels have adapted include long eyelashes, nostrils that close and wide feet.

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  • What is the difference between a one hump and a two hump camel?

    Q: What is the difference between a one hump and a two hump camel?

    A: One-humped and two-humped camels are two entirely different species. The two-humped species is the Bactrian camel, while the one-humped species is the dromedary. Bactrian camels are an Asiatic species, named after Bactria in Central Asia, whereas dromedaries are a North African species.
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  • Can camels swim?

    Q: Can camels swim?

    A: Only some camels can swim. According to The Times of India, experts have confirmed that a unique breed of camels, known as Kharai, can swim up to three kilometers, or nearly two miles, in the sea. They do so while seeking mangroves to feed on.
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  • What is a baby camel called?

    Q: What is a baby camel called?

    A: A baby camel is known as a calf. Female camels generally only give birth to one calf after a 13-month pregnancy.
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  • How do camels protect themselves from predators?

    Q: How do camels protect themselves from predators?

    A: Camels protect themselves from predators by regurgitating their stomach contents mixed with saliva in a projectile fashion. This practice is commonly referred to as spitting. According to the San Diego Zoo, when camels spit, it is meant to startle and distract potential predators.
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  • How long can a camel go without water?

    Q: How long can a camel go without water?

    A: When temperatures rise above 110 degrees Fahrenheit, camels can survive for about five days without drinking water. During the winter, camels can survive six or seven months without drinking water. During that time, they may obtain moisture from plants they consume.
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  • How long can a camel last without water?

    Q: How long can a camel last without water?

    A: According to the California Academy of Sciences, camels can survive for up to six months without drinking water. Camels consume large quantities of water at one time and can drink up to 35 gallons of water in six minutes, allowing for optimal fluid conservation.
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  • How have camels adapted to life in a sandy desert?

    Q: How have camels adapted to life in a sandy desert?

    A: According to the BBC, camels have adapted by developing features that preserve water and fat within their body to ensure survival in the hot and dry desert climate. Other features that camels have adapted include long eyelashes, nostrils that close and wide feet.
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  • Where do camels live?

    Q: Where do camels live?

    A: Arabian or dromedary camels, which have one hump, live in Northern Africa, Southwestern Asia and Australia, while Bactrian camels, which have two humps, lives in Mongolia and China. Most of the world's camels are domesticated and live with nomadic people in desert regions. The largest camel population is on the Horn of Africa in the countries of Somalia, Ethiopia, Eritrea and Djibouti.
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  • Why are camels called ships of the desert?

    Q: Why are camels called ships of the desert?

    A: Camels are called "ships of the desert" because of their numerous and unique physical traits that enable them survive in harsh desert climates, particularly their ability to consume very little water without dehydrating. There are several species of camels, such as the Arabian camel and Bactrian camel, which vary slightly in physical appearance, but share a suite of characteristics and physical features, such as broad flat feet and a double row of eyelashes, to help them survive in hot and arid deserts.
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  • How many humps does a camel have?

    Q: How many humps does a camel have?

    A: Dromedary camels have one hump, while Bactrian camels have two humps. Dromedaries live in the deserts of the Middle East and north Africa. Bactrian camels live in northeastern Asia.
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  • How long do camels live?

    Q: How long do camels live?

    A: The average life expectancy of a camel is 40 to 50 years. Their natural predators include leopards, lions and humans. Camels were domesticated more than 5,000 years ago and no longer exist in the wild.
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  • How do camels live in the desert?

    Q: How do camels live in the desert?

    A: Camels store fat reserves in their humps that provide them with enough nutrition to survive for months in hot, dry climates. The fatty, watery substance in their humps can fuel their bodies during famines. A camel's metabolism allows it to lose up to 40 percent of its body fluid before dehydration becomes a problem. This energy efficient mammal can drink up to 30 gallons of water in one sitting.
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  • Why do camels spit?

    Q: Why do camels spit?

    A: Camels spit in order to surprise, distract or generally ward off a threat. The “spit” from a camel is more than just saliva. It is mixed with the camel’s stomach contents as well.
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  • How much water does a camel drink?

    Q: How much water does a camel drink?

    A: Depending on their needs, camels can drink up to 114 liters of water in a 10-minute sitting. If fresh water is unavailable, they may drink salty or brackish water. However, during the winter, only their food provides water.
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  • Q: How are camels adapted to their habitat?

    A: Camels are adapted to a desert habitat by their feet, hump, fur and eyelashes. For instance, a camel's large, flat feet spreads out their weight so that they can walk on soft sand.
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  • Q: How many gallons of water can a camel drink?

    A: On average, a camel drinks 30 gallons of water at a time, and they can drink that much in less than 15 minutes. Many people believe that a camel stores water in its humps, but the humps are used to store fat. A camel stores up to 80 pounds of fat in its humps to use as a food source when food is scarce.
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  • Q: What are some interesting camel facts for kids?

    A: A common belief is that camels store water in their humps, but the humps are actually reservoirs that store fat. This allows the camel to remain cool in hot temperatures, as the rest of its body is thinly insulated. Arabian camels have a single hump, while Asian camels have two humps.
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  • Q: Where do tapirs live?

    A: Tapirs live in southeast Asia, particularly Malaysia and Sumatra, and also in the grasslands and forests of Central and South America. The mountain tapir lives in the Andes Mountains of South America.
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  • Q: What are the predators of camels?

    A: The camels living in South America fall prey to large cats, such as leopards and jaguars. The camels of Africa and South Asia have no natural predators.
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  • How many stomachs does a camel have?

    Q: How many stomachs does a camel have?

    A: A camel, like a cow or llama, has one stomach with four separate chambers that are used in different stages of the camel's digestive process. Mammals that utilize four-compartment stomachs to break down their food are called ruminants.
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  • Q: How many toes does a camel have?

    A: Camels have two toes on each leg, for a total of eight toes per camel. The toes of camels are made up of a single bone, called a cannon bone, that is split into halves at the base.
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