Bats

A:

There are over 1,000 species of bats and two suborders. The first is made up of the fruit bats, also known as flying foxes. The second suborder are the microchiroptera.

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  • What is the natural habitat of vampire bats?

    Q: What is the natural habitat of vampire bats?

    A: The natural habitat of vampire bats is a warm, tropical or subtropical environment. They can be found in elevations up to 2400 meters and typically live in moderately lighted areas.
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  • Do bats hibernate and migrate?

    Q: Do bats hibernate and migrate?

    A: In times of low food supply, bats can choose to hibernate or migrate. Where bats live is dependent on the food supply available in a given area.
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  • How long do bats live?

    Q: How long do bats live?

    A: Bats in the wild live an average of 10 to 20 years. This depends on surviving to adulthood; young bats have a high mortality rate. After the first three weeks of life, they learn to fly, which improves their chances of survival.
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  • How do bats navigate?

    Q: How do bats navigate?

    A: Most bats use sound or biological sonar, known as echolocation, to navigate. Bats emit sounds that bounce back like an echo and allow them to detect obstacles in their path, locate roosts and find food.
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  • How many bugs does a bat eat in a night?

    Q: How many bugs does a bat eat in a night?

    A: An ordinary brown bat can eat up to 100 percent of their body weight each night, which is about 1/2 ounce. They consume approximately 1,200 insects per hour. Insects including moths, gnats, crickets, beetles, locusts, mosquitoes, fruit flies and other bugs are frequently eaten by bats.
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  • What do fruit bats eat?

    Q: What do fruit bats eat?

    A: Fruit bats typically eat a large variety of fruits ranging from mangoes to avocado. They are capable of adapting to eat whichever fruits are available to them in their habitat; they also use the same trees for sleeping.
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  • What animal has the best hearing?

    Q: What animal has the best hearing?

    A: The animal that is capable of hearing the greatest range of sonic frequencies is the Galleria mellonella, commonly known as the greater wax moth. This moth, which is native to Europe and North America, can detect frequencies up to 300kHz, about 15 times higher than what humans can hear.
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  • Are bats omnivores?

    Q: Are bats omnivores?

    A: Although some bats are omnivores, most eat insects, which makes them insectivores. Large bats that live in tropical regions and rain forests feed on fruit, so they are herbivores. A smaller number of bats have different diets and consume foods such as frogs, fish, scorpions and plant nectar.
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  • How many kinds of bats are there?

    Q: How many kinds of bats are there?

    A: There are at least 925 different kinds of bats worldwide. Within the population of mammals, bats are second only to rodents. Bats account for about one-fifth of all mammals on Earth.
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  • What do you call a group of bats?

    Q: What do you call a group of bats?

    A: A group of bats is a colony and the offspring are pups. Despite a reputation for carrying rabies, bats are extremely beneficial because they control night-flying insect populations, including moths, beetles, termites, flies and mosquitoes, according to the Washington Department of Fish & Wildlife.
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  • How do bats catch their prey at night?

    Q: How do bats catch their prey at night?

    A: Although no living bats are completely blind, most bats rely on sounds to find their prey at night. Known as echolocation, ultrasonic sounds are emitted by bats that bounce off of other objects. By hearing these echoes off of objects around them, bats can create an internal map that allows them to navigate and capture food.
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  • How many types of bats are there?

    Q: How many types of bats are there?

    A: There are over 1,000 species of bats and two suborders. The first is made up of the fruit bats, also known as flying foxes. The second suborder are the microchiroptera.
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  • Where do fruit bats live?

    Q: Where do fruit bats live?

    A: Fruit bats live in the tropical areas of the world, such as the Middle East, Asia, Australia and Africa. They prefer locations with warm climates because they do not hibernate in cold weather.
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  • Q: What are some basic facts about big brown bats?

    A: Big brown bats are one of the most common bat species in North America. These bats are key to controlling nuisance insect populations, as they feed on such agricultural pests as cucumber beetles and leafhoppers.
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  • Q: What do baby bats eat?

    A: Baby bats are called pups and they acquire their nutrition by feeding on the milk of the mother. Baby bats nurse from the time they are born up to about six months of age.
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  • How do bats reproduce?

    Q: How do bats reproduce?

    A: Bats copulate indiscriminately just prior to fall hibernation, but a female bat delays her ovulation and stores the sperm for approximately seven months before allowing fertilization. In relation to their size, bats have the slowest gestation period of any mammal, from 40 days to six months.
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  • Q: How do bats use ultrasound to navigate?

    A: While many bats navigate using ultrasound frequencies, bats are better described to navigate via echolocation. Ultrasound can be defined as frequencies that are higher than the normal human range of audibility.
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  • Q: Do bats lay eggs?

    A: Bats are mammals, not birds, so they do not lay eggs. The female bat becomes pregnant after mating with a male, just as with any other mammal.
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  • Q: How long can bats live without food or water?

    A: Bats can survive up to 24 hours without food or water. The exact amount of time depends in part on the bat's size, species, the time of year and whether it is nursing its young.
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  • How do bats find their food?

    Q: How do bats find their food?

    A: Bats find their next meal primarily by sending out high-pitched sound waves and using their ears to determine approximately where the nearest objects are. This process of finding prey by judging echoes is called echolocation.
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  • Q: Why are a bat's wings considered to be both homologous and analogous structures?

    A: Bat wings are homologous structures because they bear structural similarity to the limbs of other organisms and analogous structures because of their functional similarity to other organisms' wings. Bat wings are also an example of convergent evolution.
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