Emperor penguins live on the continent of Antarctica, forming colonies on the massive pieces of ice. These penguins live along the coast of Antarctica, moving between the ice and the frigid waters.
Many Antarctic penguin species migrate to warmer areas in the winter. The Emperor penguin is the only specie that remains on the Antarctic ice, even during the harshest parts of winter when temperatures may reach 40 to 60 degrees below freezing in Fahrenheit.
The penguins remain in colonies that consist of thousands of penguins. They huddle together for warmth or use the icebergs or cliffs for shelter from storms or extreme cold. The penguins cooperate to ensure warmth and survival of the colony, always shifting around to make sure penguins on the perimeter of the colony are brought into the middle to warm up.