Asian elephants inhabit moist lowland forests, dry teak forests and grasslands, while African elephants inhabit savanna areas in the Sahara Desert and rain forests throughout central and western Africa. African elephants are split into the two subspecies of savannah and forest, and Asian elephants are split into the four subspecies of Sri Lankan, Indian, Sumatran and Borneo. One of the greatest threats to elephants' numbers and survival is loss of habitat, and many elephants live in zoos or other captivity.
Elephants are considered to be an endangered species because of excessive hunting practices and loss of habitat. Elephants are known to travel great distances with their herds in order to locate water and food sources, evidencing how important it is for them to have proper habitats for normal survival. Elephants often wander onto farmlands in order to eat crops, such as bananas and sugar cane.
Because elephants have the potential to present a danger to humans, this can often lead to conflict. However, their varied diet allows them to inhabit human-free areas for quite some time without encountering people. This is beneficial to the survival of elephant species, because anytime elephants come into contact with humans, there is potential for conflict.