Elephants communicate primarily through vocal calls, though they also use other important methods. These include tactile behaviors, such as touching, as well as synchronized freezing. Elephants also communicate through the secretion of specific chemicals that other herd members can pick up through the elephant's advanced sense of smell.Know More
Elephants use vocal calls in a wide variety of scenarios, including care for youngsters, resolving disputes and mustering the herd for march. Elephants can recognize the individual calls of hundreds of other elephants from a half-mile away, and many of the sounds created by elephants exist in a range unavailable to human ears, according to PBS.
In the sensual range of expression, touch is vital to the health of elephant communities with the trunk being the primary instrument. Use of the trunk can convey affection, heighten connection during mating and reinforce social bonds. Elephants display attention to the dead by using their trunks to touch the bones and remains of other elephants.
Synchronized freezing is a phenomenon whereby elephants collectively stop and peak their senses, thus allowing them to probe the environment for unfamiliar or threatening noises and smells. Elephants also use a wide variety of postures to transmit information. While the cause of ear flapping can be something as pragmatic as fanning in hot weather, it can also indicate an elephant's happiness or joy. Additionally, wide-spread ears and an elevated head may display high social status, whereas a socially subordinate elephant carries its head down and ears pinned. Finally, a raised tail and chin may communicate fear or alarm to the group, such as in the presence of a predator.Learn more about Elephants
Pygmy elephants are the smallest of the elephant species and are believed to be the remaining relatives of a herd once belonging to royalty. These small elephants are also called Borneo pygmy elephants because they live exclusively in Borneo, which is the largest island in Asia.Full Answer >
The visible ivory tusks on elephants are made primarily of dentine and include small amounts of enamel. Tusk length varies among African and Asian elephants and is hereditary. The upper incisors may grow to 10 feet or more.Full Answer >
When elephants walk, each of their legs functions independently, according to John Hutchinson of London's Royal Veterinary College. Elephants position their legs directly under their bodies to support their extreme weight.Full Answer >
African elephants are indigenous to Sub-Saharan Africa as well as the Sahel desert in Mali and the African rainforests while Asian elephants originated in Iraq and Syria, but now are found in India, China and Vietnam. Elephants found in other areas of the world have been relocated due to human interest or other purposes.Full Answer >