How Are Elephants Adapted to Their Habitat?

Elephants have special structural features, such as tusks, trunks, teeth, ears and size, that help them adapt and survive in their habitats. An elephant’s size can help to deter predators, and tusks can be used for defense and to dig up roots out of the ground.

Similarly, elephants have short necks and use their elongated trunks for multiple purposes, such as for reaching vegetation or food that is either at ground level or high up in a tree, and to spray water on their skin. Elephants also use their trunks to smell and place food in their mouths. Elephants are herbivores and their four large teeth are special features that help them to grind and chew the massive amounts of food they consume every day. Their large ears function to cool them off in hot environments.

Depending on the species of elephant, they can live in savannas, rainforest and woodlands. The two main types of elephants are the African and Asian elephants.