Eagles, coyotes, gray wolves, bears, mountain lions, lynxes, leopards, caracals, cougars and bobcats are known predators of the red fox. The majority of red foxes that are eaten are young pups, which is why their parents closely protect them as they grow up.
Sometimes wolves eat red foxes after the two battle over a dead animal. In some areas, coyotes and foxes may feed together, or at least be tolerant of each other, but in areas where food sources are scarce, coyotes prey on red foxes.
In North America, cougars, bobcats and Canadian lynxes hunt and eat red foxes, and in Eurasia, Eurasian lynxes, caracals and leopards are common predators. Golden eagles prey on fully grown adult red foxes, and red fox pups are often targeted by Eurasian eagle owls.
It's common for various fox species to compete over food sources in some habitats. Red foxes tend to dominate other fox species as they're often better hunters and more comfortable in snowy climates. In certain areas, other fox species adapt by hunting only in areas where red foxes don't live, such as rocky cliffs or arid areas. Although humans don't eat red foxes, many red foxes are killed by humans for their fur or because they're pests.