Coyotes, bobcats, owls, hawks, eagles, foxes, wolves, badgers, mountain lions, and domestic dogs and cats all eat jackrabbits. Young jackrabbits also fall prey to snakes, raccoons and skunks.
Jackrabbits thrive in spite of their predators because they reproduce rapidly and adapt to a wide range of conditions. The most common species, the black-tailed jackrabbit, produces several litters of two to eight young each per year. Jackrabbits reach sexual maturity at 7 months old, and a female usually begins breeding in the spring of her second year. Jackrabbits live in areas from desert basins up to elevations of 12,000 feet and can live even in highly developed areas as long as there is sufficient plant diversity.