According to Encyclopedia Britannica, coyotes are occasionally preyed upon by larger predators, such as wolves and mountain lions, although this is mostly due to competition. Lynx and bobcats also compete with coyotes, although they do not pose as big a threat. Red foxes are killed by coyotes on sight.
The primary predators of coyotes are wolves, though they do not have a predator/prey relationship. Two are in direct competition over prey animals, since both are considered to be at the top of the food chain.
In confrontations at prey sites, a pack of wolves is usually able to chase away the more solitary coyotes. This can lead to confrontations where one or the other may be killed and then eaten. Other animals known to prey upon coyotes include mountain lions, cougars and other species of large cats. As with wolves, it is confrontation that typically drives these encounters, with the large cats usually prevailing.
The coyote, also known as the prairie wolf or brush wolf, is a member of the Canidae family and is native to North America. Its population has spread across the United States and Canada, also with a presence in Central America. This is in part due to the declining numbers of wolves across North America, although the coyote is highly successful in urban environments as well.