As of 2015, eagles are no longer an endangered species and were removed from the list of endangered species in August 2007. Eagles were endangered for a variety of reasons, primarily due to illegal shooting, destruction of their habitats and contamination to their sources of food. Both bald and golden eagles are now protected under the Bald and Golden Eagle Act and the Migratory Bird Treaty Act.
The two laws that protect eagles prohibit anyone from taking possession of eagles dead or alive, eggs, or any part of their nests unless the individual has a specific permit to do so. The Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act was passed in 1940 and carry strict penalties for violating the provisions of the act, including a hefty fine and possible jail time.
Bald eagles have brown bodies and distinguishing white heads, and they typically live in areas that provide access to fish, such as by lakes, rivers and marshes. Bald eagles mainly eat fish, but they also eat turtles, rabbits, snakes, waterfowl and other small animals.
Golden eagles are all brown and they typically live in nests on top of tall trees or cliffs that allow them to have better view of habitats that surround their nest. The nests of golden eagles are primarily made up of sticks and soft material.