Depending on the type of vaccine the dog has been given, rabies booster shots are required every 1 or 3 years in New York, according to the New York Department of Health. If an animal is not kept properly vaccinated, the owner can face a fine of up to $200 as of information available in August 2014.
The first rabies shot should be given within a dog's first 4 months, according to the Chemung County Health Department. The first shot must be given within 3 months of birth if the dog is residing in New York City. The second shot is given shortly after the dog's first birthday and within a year from the first shot. Animals that are going to be in the state for 15 days or less do not have to abide by New York laws.