The different types of ponies include Shetland ponies, Welsh ponies, Welsh mountain ponies, New Forest ponies and Connemara ponies. Other ponies are Highland ponies, Fell ponies, Dales ponies, Welsh cobs and Exmoor and Dartmoor ponies.
The Shetland pony is only about 40 inches high at the shoulder, but despite its size, it is one of the most powerful of equines. Its original habitat is the Shetland Islands, which are found off the coast of northeast Scotland. The land is bleak and has poor soil that grows rough grasses and heather. Still, the Shetland pony was used for all kinds of work, from carrying peat and seaweed to pulling carts and carrying grown men over rough country. It is also an excellent children's pony. Unlike other ponies, the Shetland is measured in inches instead of hands.
The Connemara pony originated in Ireland, and like the Shetland, it was used as a pack animal to carry crops, peat and seaweed. The breed has been improved over the years with other horse breeds, including Thoroughbreds and Barbs. The result is a refined-looking animal that stands about 13 to 15 hands high. Connemara ponies have well-sprung ribs, broad chests and a good length of rein. They're also intelligent and responsive.