Treatment for mange in dogs is applied either topically or orally, through a bath, shampoo, medication or injection, according to the ASPCA. Anti-parasitic medications are combined with medications that treat or prevent itching, inflammation and infection. To prevent re-infection, all of the dog's bedding and toys should be cleaned.
To prevent the mange from spreading to other dogs, it's important to isolate the initial carrier and any infected animal as soon as possible, states the ASPCA. There are two types of mange: dermodectic and sarcoptic. As long as a dog is healthy, dermodectic mites can travel between canines without risk of causing mange. It is not contagious to humans. However, sarcoptic mange is contagious to both humans and dogs.
A younger dog is more likely to recover fully from mange, reports the ASPCA. An older dog may need a longer or more intensive treatment plan. Dermodectic mange may be genetic.
Mange is also known as canine scabies, says the ASPCA. While all dogs have mites, and many are born with dermodectic mites, these mites usually live harmoniously with their host and do not cause disease or itching. To determine if itching and hair loss is caused by mange mites, a veterinarian has to perform skin scrapings and examine a dog's history.