Ear mites are treated with prescription medications applied directly in the ear or on the surrounding skin, according to WebMD. Some veterinarians also prescribe medicated ear drops or antibiotic ear drops if an infection has occurred.
Pet owners should visit a veterinarian to diagnose ear mites, as the symptoms can appear similar to other infections, according to WebMD. When left untreated, ear mites can cause infection or a build-up of debris. In these situations, pet owners need to gently clean the ear with cotton and a cleanser.
Most cats start to feel relief from the pain and itching associated with ear mites right away, states WebMD, but it is important to continue through with the full treatment plan to ensure all the mites have been eradicated. Small coffee-ground-like debris in a cat's ears likely means that the cat has to go back to the vet, as this is the primary sign of an ear mite infestation.
Following successful treatment of ear mites, WebMD recommends owners clean their cats' ears frequently to ensure a healthy ear canal and to see any signs and symptoms of infestation. Pet owners will want to make sure that they thoroughly clean their infected cat’s bedding and check other pets for infestation following an ear mite diagnosis.