Treatment for dog mites, known as mange, requires killing the mites with medications administered orally, topically or by injection, according to WebVet. Antibiotics are used in cases where secondary bacterial infections are present. It is sometimes necessary to repeat treatment.
Sarcoptic mange, demodectic mange and Cheyletiella are the three types of microscopic, parasitic mites that cause mange in dogs, according to WebVet. In sacroptic mange, mites burrow into the dog's skin to lay their eggs, and they cause a bumpy, itchy rash to develop that sometimes progresses to crusty, raw sores. Demodectic mange is usually seen in puppies as a red, scaly rash on the face and legs, sometimes covering the entire body. Cigar-shaped mites that live in the hair follicles and oil glands cause this skin inflammation. Cheyletiella mites cause an extremely itchy condition with dry flakes usually seen along the back. These mites are large enough to be seen by the naked eye and are called “walking dandruff.”
Skin scrapings are required to determine the type of mites present, explains WebVet. Sarcoptic mange and Cheyletiella mange can be transmitted to humans and other animals by direct contact. If either type of mite is diagnosed, a thorough cleaning of the dog’s brushes, bedding and toys is recommended to prevent re-infestation.