Coyotes typically sleep above ground in a well-covered area. During pup season, however, coyotes often sleep inside of dens in order to protect their young.
Coyotes don't always dig their own dens. Instead, they sometimes find existing burrows and dens dug by badgers, skunks, foxes or skunks. Coyotes also use areas such as rock crevices, caves or hollowed-out tree stumps as dens. If nothing like that is available, coyotes can dig their own dens.
Mating season occurs between February and April. During the months prior to mating season, female coyotes release hormones that attract unpaired males within the female coyote's range. Once a female chooses her mate, they remain monogamous. During the 63-day gestation period, the pair finds or digs a den. During the pregnancy, the male hunts for and brings back food for the female.
The average coyote litter size is six pups. Pups emerge from the den at about the age of 3 to 4 weeks, the same time they are almost completely weaned from their mother's milk. Afterwards, they are fed a diet of regurgitated food until they are old enough to eat and hunt on their own.
Coyotes range from Canada, all across the United States and down into Mexico and Central America. They thrive in various habitats, including fields, plains, deserts and bushy areas.