Costs associated with goat care include fencing, feed, shelter, hoof care and veterinary care. The initial cost to purchase a goat ranges from $75 to $300 depending on breed, temperament, sex and age. Wethers are neutered male goats and typically have a lower initial purchase price than does or bucks. New owners need current health certificates to transport their goats, and these certificates cost around $50 per animal.
Goats are curious, playful and intelligent, and require appropriate fencing to keep them contained. Fencing should be at least 6 feet tall to keep goats from jumping out. Chain link fencing is durable and keeps goats contained, but may cost between $2,500 and $10,000 to install, depending on lot size. Mesh fencing is another option. Owners can choose from 16-foot panels or rolls with 330 feet of fencing. Mesh with 4-inch squares protects goats from predators.
Goats eat 6 to 10 pounds of hay per day. A 40-pound bale lasts a goat approximately two months and costs between $3.50 and $8.25. Goats also need goat chow and yeast culture in their diets. A 50-pound bag of goat chow costs around $50, and a 50-pound bag of yeast culture costs around $40.
Small-breed goats can use a doghouse for shelter, but owners of standard-sized goats need to construct a shelter for them, which can cost between $300 and $600. Goats need bedding in their shelter, and a bale of straw costs $10 and lasts about a month.
Regular goat veterinary care costs between $50 and $250 annually. These costs include vaccinations and worming. Goats need their hooves trimmed every other month, and owners can save money by purchasing a pair of trimmers for $20 and doing the work themselves.