A Cornish hen is a chicken that was created in 1820 to combine the speed of one chicken, the English Game, with the power of the Aseel Game. The American Poultry Association recognized it as a Cornish fowl in 1910.
The Cornish game hen became a popular poultry dish in the 20th century because the smaller birds produced a great flavor while still offering substantial meat despite the petite size. The original Cornish hen was then crossbred with American breeds to help increase the supply of these hens on the market. The Corn/Rock Broiler serves as the most popular breed of Cornish hen, mostly because it can be produced in about 6 weeks.