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What are some common skin disorders in dogs?

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Quick Answer

Reoccurring bacterial dermatitis is the most frequently treated curable skin disorder in dogs, while disorders such as hypothyroidism and Cushings disease cause common incurable skin problems, explains PetMD. Other skin disorders facing canines include chronic dermatitis, Malassezia infections, ringworm, pemphigus and atopy.

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As one of at least 160 skin disorders in dogs, reoccurring bacterial dermatitis appears as circular patches of fur loss, scales and crusts, and small outbreaks of swollen skin that become crusty patches, states PetMD. Since bacterial dermatitis is rarely evident in healthy dogs, potential causes may include a poor-quality diet. Veterinarians usually run culture and antibiotic sensitivity tests prior to prescribing medicine. Once administration of an appropriate medicine begins, it must continue for a minimum of eight to 12 weeks.

Frequently seen in Cocker Spaniels and West Highland White Terriers, Malassezia infections results in smelly, greasy skin, notes PetMD. Otherwise known as a yeast infection, it is curable, though chronic.

Dandruff, reddened or darkened skin, deficient fur quality and itchiness are some indicators of ringworm in dogs, explains PetMD. Sometimes dogs experience boils and raised, oozing lesions as well as swelling in the skin folds on the peripheral of the nail bed. There is an increased likelihood of ringworm in places where a lot of animals reside in close proximity to one another without suitable quarantine periods and inadequate nutrition.

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